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# Chapter 2 Vocabulary

### Description and Management, SI units, Drawings, tables, and graphs

Question | Answer |
---|---|

compares a measurement to the true value? | accuracy |

a type of graph that uses bars of varying sizes to show the relationship among variables? | bar graph |

a type of graph that shows the part of a whole; sometimes called a pie graph, each piece of which represents a percentage of the total? | circle graph |

method of making an educated guess at a measurement; using the size of something familiar to guess the size of a new object | estimation |

used to collect, organize, and summarize data in a visual way, making it easy to use and understand? | graph |

SI unit for temperature | kelvin(K) |

SI unit for mass | kilogram(kg) |

a type of graph used to show the relationship between two variables that are numbers on an x-axis and a y-axis? | line graph |

amount of matter in an object? | mass |

way to describe objects and events with numbers; for example: length, volume, mass, weight, and temperature? | measurement |

SI unit for length | meter(m) |

describes how closely measurements are to each other and how carefully measurements were made? | precision |

a ratio of two different kinds of measurements; the amount of change of one measurement in a given amount of time? | rate |

International System of Units, related by multiples of ten, designed to provide a worldwide standard of physical measurement? | SI |

presents information in rows and columns, making it easier to read and understand? | table |

the amount of space and object occupies? | volume |

a measurement of force that depends on gravity, measured in Newtons? | weight |

the number of digits that truly reflect the precision of a number are called the significant digits or significant figures? | Significant Figures(Sig Figs) |

A golfer who always hits to the left of the hole could be considered a ______ golfer. | precise |

The ability of measurement to be reproduced with the same result is a sign of _______. | precision |

If you were to round the measurement 9.465337 to the hundredths place, you would get _____. | 9.47 |

List one situation where it would not be wise to estimate. | Taking medicine |

You can use _________ to check that an answer is reasonable. | estimation |

Zero _________ is the coldest possible temperature. | kelvin |

The value of the boiling point of water on the Kelvin scale is ________ _____ the value of the boiling point of water on the Celsius scale. | greater than |

To make a scale drawing of a football field, which metric scale would be most useful? | 1cm= 1 meter |

A __________ is 1,000 times as large as a gram. | kilogram |

__________ is a rate often measured in kilometers per hour. | avg. speed |

A millisecond is to a second as one is to what? | 1,000 |

A cubic centimeter can be expressed as ________. | cm to the third power or cc |

When you measure something in meters cubed, you are measuring ________. | volume |

The ________ of an object can vary with the object's location. | weight |

SI units are useful because they are all related by multiples of ______. | ten |

List a situation in which a reply of 1 minute, 45 seconds, and ten one-hundredths of a second would be a reasonable answer: | swim event |

_______________ provides a worldwide standard of physical measurement. | International system of Units(SI) |

A circle graph is always based on ____________. | percentage |

A line graph shows the relationship between ____ variables. | two |

__________ graphs show variables on the horizontal axis and the vertical axis. | line |

Convert 567 centimeters to meters, millimeters, and kilometers. _____m; _____mm; ______km | 5.67, 5670, .00567 |

What is the acronym for the units? What does it mean? | KHDBDCM; King Henry Died By Drinking Chocolate Milk. |

What does the King stand for? | kilo |

What does Henry stand for? | hecto |

What does Died stand for? | deca |

What does By stand for? | base |

What does Chocolate stand for? | centi |

What does Milk stand for? | milli |

What does Drinking stand for? | deci |

Created by:
mary_shelton