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BLACKWELL Chapter 4 Business Law--Court Systems

litigate To take a dispute to court.
court Governmental forum that administers justice under the law.
mediator Neutral 3rd party who recommends a non-binding dispute resolution.
arbitrator Neutral 3rd party who issues a binding dispute resolution.
trial court Level of court where litigation is first heard.
appellate court Level of court which reviews lower court decisions for procedural errors.
original jurisdiction Power or authority to hear a specific type of case for the first time.
transcript Verbatim record of what went on at a trial.
appellate briefs Written arguments on the legal issues related to alleged procedural errors.
general jurisdiction Power or authority to hear almost any kind of case.
special jurisdiction Power or authority to hear only one, specific type of case.
writ of certiorari Written order directing a lower court to turn over the record of a case to the Supreme Court for review.
court of record Originally responsible for maintaining an exact record of all matters relating to a specific case.
small claims court Handle private disputes between parties over relatively small amounts--typically $5,000 or less.
municipal courts City-level courts usually divided between traffic & criminal divisions.
circuit courts Intermediate-level courts that handle minor cirminal actions and lawsuits for moderate amounts--typically $5k-$25k
juveniles Persons who are older than 13 but under the age of majority.
Probate court Specialized court that handles only the wills and estates of deceased persons.
Created by: Knightcoach53