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final review session

pharmacology

QuestionAnswer
pharmacokinetics how the body changes the drug; drug metabolism
pharmacodynamics ways in which drugs work to change body function
main organ of elimination kidney
main organ of metabolism liver
most important priority drugs first, medical hx second - per prof. swope
ginging increase dig
St. John's decreases dig
gentamycin kidney toxicity; decreased output - contact provider immediately
antivirals interact with seizure meds
non-selective antihistamines make you sleepy
spironolactone potassium sparing
thiazide and loop diuretics potassium wasting
hyperkalemia T wave is peaked
hypokalemia T wave is inverted
as risk for orthostatic hypotension with diuretics
loop diuretics give over 2 minutes IV
primary hypertension unknown cause
secondary hypertension related to some other condition
lol beta-blocker
pril ACE inhibitor
pine calcium blocker
sin alpha blocker
sartan angiotensin II receptor antagonists (ARB?) avoid potassium
don't give beta blocker and calcium channel blocker at the same time severe hypotension
calcium channel blocker severe hypotension
nursing process questions assess pt before arriving at differential dx everytime; ADPIE
dig and apical pulse rate of 59 hold the dose and notify provider
major symptom of lidocaine toxicity hallucinations
beta blockers and type II diabetes drugs mask hypoglycemia
amioderone and cordarone scrotal pain
statins liver disease, block kidney output- kidney failure;
CVA less than 1 hour ago thrombolytics
heparin initial bolus is rx'd by weight; infusion is rx'd mL per hour
coumadin reversal agent is vit K
heparin reversal agent is protamine sulfate
heparin and coumadin can take at the same time
zoles antifungals
hydralazine for pregnancy
torsades de pointes electrolyte imbalance, hypomagnesemia
GERD under the breastbone
PUD gnawing
OTC laxatives do not use more than a week
thyroxine assess HR and rhythm
coumadin plus beta adrenergic blocker hypocalcemia (?)
anti-seizure meds don't drink ETOH
zarontin/ethosuximide wear sunglasses!
diazapam short acting; teratogen in 1st trimester
sinemet neutropenia
parlodel/bromocriptine shock, MI
Created by: nursingTSJC2013