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Cell Organelles

TermDefinition
Cell Wall Supports (like an outer skeleton), protects cell, allows materials to go in and out.
Cell Membrane Protects the cell, allows materials to go in and out.
Selectively Permeable Allows only selective items to go in and out.
Nucleus Control center of the cell- Controls everything that the cell does.
Chromosomes Hold the DNA that passes on the traits to offspring
Endoplasmic Reticulum Long tubes that transport materials around the cell.
Ribosomes Make protein which is used to repair cell parts.
Mitochondria Breaks down food, (glucose), to release energy for the cell
Vacuole Stores food and waste for the cell.
Chloroplast Use chlorophyll to capture sun's energy to make molecules of sugar-food, (glucose)
cytoplasm Jelly like substance in the cell that the organelles float in
Lysosome Breaks apart damaged material in the cell and recycles it
Nucleoulus Produce ribosomes
Golgi Bodies Package Proteins and bring them where needed
Photosynthesis When a cell captures the sun's energy with chlorophyll, and uses the energy to make glucose from water and Carbon Dioxide.
Glucose simple sugar molecule that a plant uses to make energy
Robert Hooke Looked at cork- tree bark- slices and saw cells-- named them cells because they looked like an empty room to him.
Anton van Leeuwenhoek Invented the microscope. First time we saw microscopic cells.
Created by: bdepalo