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Amazon/Amazon Basin

Based on the Amazon and Amazon Basin

How long is the Amazon River? 7000 km
What type of rainfall does the Amazon environment receive? Convectional Rainfall
What interacting processes are there? Climate, Soils, Vegetation and Relief
How has the Brazilian Governments perception of the Amazon changed overtime? It has changed from the government believing the Amazon was unusable as it was unable tobe accessed, to now being accessible in which the government sees it as a way of making money
What Relief is there? Peruvian Andes, Guyana Plateau and Brazilian Plateau
What sort of Vegetation is there? Selva Rainforests, Savanna Grasslands
What type of Soils are there? Varzea Soils and Laterite Soils
What is the Climate like? Average daily temperature is 26 degrees Celsius and the average rainfall is 2000 mm
What type of tributaries come off of the Amazon River? Black Water Tributaries (Rio Negro), Clear Water Tributaries and White Water Tributaries
What Fluvial processes are there? Erosion, Deposition and Transportation
What Soil processes are there? Leaching and Weathering
How were the Andes Mountains formed? They were formed by the NAZCA tectonic plate and the American tectonic plate colliding, causing the ground above to fold upwards therefore forming the Andes
What direction does the Amazon River flow? It flows west to east due to the ancient hard rock of the Brazilian and Guyana Plateaus (remnants of the ancient Gondwanaland) that lay north and south of the Amazon River
Where does Fluvial Erosion occur? This occurred in the Andes Mountains, the material being transported and deposited in the Amazon Basin. Weathering at high altitudes also occurred
Why does the Amazon environment have such a warm climate? It is a warm climate because of the environment being located 10 degrees and 5 degrees North and South of the equator.
What are Varzea Soils? It is alluvial or alluvium found nearest the rivers
What are Latosol Soils? Most of the Amazon Basin leached, red coloured due to iron content, when dried out become rocky substance called laterites
What are Ferrasols? A type of laterite with bauxite
Created by: GracieWacie13



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