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CHAPTER 6

HUMANITIES

TermDefinition
ETUSCANS TRIBES WHO OCCUPIED NORTH & CENTRAL ITALY, KNOWN BY ITS TERRA COTTA SCULPTURES & FESTIVE TOMB PAINTINGS
MOSAIC PIECES OF TESSERAE SET TO CREATE GREAT ILLUSTRATIONS (CREATED WITH PEBBLES, STONE, OR MARBLE)
REPUBLIC GOVERNMENT "OF THE PEOPLE"; WITH AN AGRICULTURE POPULATION, POWER CLASS OF LARGE LANDOWNERS, SMALLER LANDOWNERS, & KNOWN FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF AN ARMY
OCULUC OPENING OR "EYE" THAT ADMITS LIGHT & AIR
ATRIUM A CENTRAL COURTYARD WITH POOL FEED BY RAINWATER
ROTUNDA ROUND BUILDING
PASTORAL HAVING TO DO WITH NATURE; PERTAINING TO THE COUNTRY TO SHEPHARDS; SIMPLE RURAL LIFE
VAULTS BACK TO BACK ARCHES MADE IT BARREL, & 2 BARRELS MAKE IT A GROIN
MARCUS AURELUIS BRONZE ORINGINAL EQUESTRIAN SCULPTURE OF HIM ADDRESSING HIS TROOPS
PANTHEON "TEMPLE TO ALL GODS" WOTH DOME & OCULUS; MOST INFLUENTIAL BUILDING FROM ROMAN TIMES INSPIRING EVEN THOMAS JEFFERSON'S DESIGN OF "THE ROTUNDA" AT THE UNIVERSITY OF VIRGINA
ORATORY PUBLIC SPEAKING
AUGUSTUS PORTRAYED IN A REALISTIC STYLE OF SCULPTURE; AS IMPERIAL PORTRAITURE FOR PROPAGANDA
BASILICA RECTANGULAR FORM OR "COLONNADED ALL USED FOR PUBLIC ASSEMBLY"; OFTEN WITH NAVE & APSE
COLOSSEUM HUDE FLAVIAN AMPHITHEATER HOLDING 50,000 PEOPLE & USED TO ENTERTAIN THE MASSES
SARCOPHAGUS CERVETERI COFFIN REALISTICLLY CAPTURES IN SCULPTURE FROM A MAN & HIS WIFE IN TERRA COTTA
SENECA "ON TRANQUILITY OF MIND"; ABOUT PEACE OF MIND; WRITTEN BY ONE OF ROME'S "NOTED PLAYWRITE & ESSAYIST"
DOME CONCRET MADE THESE FORMS POSSIBLE; BEST EXAMPLE IS THE TOP OF THE PANTHEON
VIRGIL EPIC POET WHO WROTE THE "AENEID" TO GLORIFY THE ROMAN IDEA & AENEAS ROMAN'S LEGENDARY FOUNDER
ARCH HAVING STRUCTURAL ADVANTAGES; THE KNOWLEDGE INHERITED FROM THE ETRUSCANS, THIS FORM ALLOWED FOR GREAT VOLUMES OF UNINTERRUPTED SPACE
STOICISM A PHILOSOPHY; ROMAN SENSE OF DUTY
ARCH OF TITUS SINGLE ARCHED "TRIUMPHAL" MONUMENT THAT WAS DEDICATED A ROMAN LEADER
AQUEDUCTS A CONCRETE BRIDGE OF ARCHES TO CARRY WATER; AN EXAMPLE IS THE "PORT DU GARD"
COLUMN OF TRAJAN COMMERATIVE MONUMENT WITH FIGURATIVERELIEF DECORATION THAT SPIRALS UPWARDS (TOPPED TODAY WITH A SCULPTURE OF ST. PETER)
FORUM ROME'S "CENTER CITY" CONTAINING TEMPLES, BATHS, & PUBLIC BUILDINGS & MARKETS FOR THE POPULATION
ROMAN CONTRIBUTIONS LAW, ROMAN CIVIC DUTY, REALISTICPORTRAITS, CONSTRUCTIONS TECHNIQUES, CONCRETE, USE OF ARCH, & CITY PLANNING
CICERO IN HIS ELOQUENT PROSE STYLE, HIS ESSAY "ON DUTY" CONSIDERS "PUBLIC SERVICE THE NOBELEST OF HUMAN ACTIVITIES"
NICHE THESE WERE SEMI-CIRCULAR AREAS DESIGNED TO HOLD STATUES OR SCULPTURES
HORACE POET WHO USED COMMON INSIGHT OF "SATIRE" IN SUCH SUBJECTS AS CIVIL WAR
POMPEII COVERED BY MT. VESUVIUS ERUPTION IN 79 CE, WHICH PRESERVED THIS REPUBLICAN CITY, INCLUDING ITS PAINTINGS
Created by: Jamielee88