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CHAPTER 4

HUMANITIES

TermDefinition
CLASSICAL REFERS TO GREECE'S CONTRIBUTIONS; REFINED FORMS OF LITERARY EXPRESSION, PHILOSOPHIC, & SCIENTIFIC INQUIRY & ESTABLISHED VALUES IN ART & MUSIC
SIR ARTHUR EVANS ARCHAEOLOGIST WHO LEAD EXCAVATION OF PALACE AT KNOSSOS PALACD ON THE ISLE OF CRETE
ARISTOTLE'S ETHICS PHILOSOPHY OF PRINCIPLES OF HUMAN CONDUCT; GOOD LIFE IS FINAL GOAL; DEFINE YOUR EDDENCE; FUNCTION IN LIFE TO REACH
PROTAGONIST/ANTAGONIST ON GREEK TRAGEDY, A LEADING CHARACTER HAS SOME TRAGIC FLAW TO WORK OUT ON THE CONFLICT WITH THE OPPOSING ONE
OLYMPIC GAMES ALL GREEK FESTIVAL INSTITUTED IN 776 BCE CALLED OLYPIADES, RACES & GAMES, EVERY 4 YEARS ATHLETES WERE NUDE
WOMEN WITH SNAKES BOTH RITUAL OBJECT & ART FEMAL FORM DRESSED IN FITTED OPEN BODICE & TYPICAL MINAON FLOUNCED SKIRT
ARISTOPHANES CREATED GREEK COMIC PLAY "LYSISTRATA"
HOMER A BLIND POET; ORALLY CREATED THE EPIC "ILIAD" & ODYSSEY" BOTH OF WHICH ARE NATIONAL POEMS OF ANCIENT GREECE THAT HELPED TO UNITED THE GREEK-SPEEKING PEOPLE BY GIVING THEM :LITERARY AUTHORITY TO THE COMMON HERITAGE"
HUBRIS EXCESSIVE PRIDE
LION GATE ON MAINLAND GREECE, KNOWN AS MYCENAEAN THIS WAS A GUARDIAN RELIEF SCULPTURE TO THE CITADEL ENTRANCE
SCHLIEMANN HE WAS INSPIRED BY HOMER; LOCATED WHAT SEEMED TO BE THE CITY OF TROY IN PRESENT DAY TURKEY & KNOWN FOR HIS EXCAVATION OF CITADEL AT MYCANAE IN GREECE
PLATO STUDENT OF SOCRATES WHO WROTE THE REPUBLIC, "ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE" (THE PSYCHE IMPRISONED WITHIN THE BODY)
ILIAD FIRST OF SO CALLED HOMERIC EPICS THAT TAKES PLACE IN THE LAST DAYS OF THE TROJAN WAR & IS THE STORY OF ACHILLES
ODYSSEY RECOUNTS THE LONG ADVENTUROUS JOURNEY OF ODYSSEUS AFTER THE TOJAN WAR TO RETURN HOME TO ITHACA
3 MAIN TRAGIC PLAY WRITES AESCHYLUS, SOPHOCLES, & EURIPIDES
SOCRATES ATHEN'S FOREMOST PHILOSOPHER; SAID TO "KNOW THYSELF"; DIALECTICAL METHOS OF QUESTIONING
PYTHAGORAS BELIEVED ALL UNIVERSAL RELATIONS MAY BE EXPRESSED THROUGH NUMBERS; HE WAS THE FATHER OF PURE MATHEMATICS
GREEK DRAMA A FORM OF A PLAY OR ACTION ASSUMED ONE OF 2 PRINCIPLE FORMS: TRAGEDY OR COMEDY MUSIC, DANCE, & SONG WERE ESSENTIAL TO DRAMATIC PERFORMANCE; ACTORS WERE ALL MEN
HERODOTUS FIRST KNOWN HISTORIAN (FATHER OF HISTORY) HE BELIEVED THAT HISTORY SHAPED THE GREEK NATIONAL INDENTITY
MINOAN A CULTURE THAT BEGAN ON THE ISLAND OF CRETE NAMES FOR LEGENDARY KING MINOS WHO LIVED AT KNOSSOS
DEMOCRACY DESCRIBES A GOVERNMENT IN WHICH THE PEOPLE, DEMOS, HOLD THE POWER, "KRATOS"
BULL LEAPING MOST FAMOUS WALL PAINTING FROM CRETE EXPRESSES LEGENDARY MINOTAUR SACRIFICE
PROTAGORAS AN EARLY SOPHIST, WHO SAID; "MAN IS THE MEASURE OF ALL THINGS"
MASK OF AGAMEMNON GOLD FUNERARY MASK FROM ROYAL TOMB DISCOVERED IN THE MYCENAEAN BEE HIVE TOMB BY SCHLIEMANN
Created by: Jamielee88