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CHAPTER 3

HUMANITIES

TermDefinition
UNTOUCHABLES "OUTSIDER" IN THE INDIAN CAST SYSTEM
YIN & YANG DESIGN THAT DESCRIBES THE CREATIVE ENERGY OF THE UNIVERSE & THE NATURAL ORDER ITSELF HAVING 2 PARTS: MALE & FEMALE
DRAGON "BEAST THAT STOOD FOR STRENGTH, FERTILITY, & LIFE GIVING WATER REPRESENTED THE CHINESE ROYAL FIGURE
THE AMERICAS NORTH, SOUTH, & MIDDLE (MESO-AMERICA) PARTS OF PRESENT-DAY MEXICO & CENTRAL AMERICA
VISHNU OFTEN SUCLPTURES RESEMBLE THOSE OF THE BUDDHA; HE WAS THE INDIAN SUN GOD
OLMEC HEADS A MESO-AMERICA CULTURE THAT HONORED THEIR RULERS BU CARVING COLOSSAL STONE HEADS
KARMA HOLDS THE COLLECTIVE SPIRITUAL ENERGY GAINED FROM ACCUMULATED DEEDS DWTERMINES ONE'S PHYSICAL STATE ON THE NEXT LIFE
NASCA LINES ON THE PLAINS OF SOUTHWESTERN PERU, ARCHEOLOGISTS HAVE FOUND A NUMBER OF EARTHWORKS IN THE SHAPE OF GEOMETRIC FIGURES...CREATED BY REMOVING SURFACE STONES TO EXPOSE THE YELLOW SOIL BENEATH...FULLY VISIBLE FROM ABOVE
SHIVA SURROUNDED BY A RING OF FIRE, _______ DANCES THE ETERNAL RYTHEMS OF THE UNIVERSE: BIRTH, DEATH, & REBIRTH
RAMAYANA ONE OF INDIA'S GREAT EPICS: :SONE OF PRINCE RAMA"
CHINA'S EARLY SHANG DYNASTY WITH ROYAL AUTHORITY SYMBOLIZED BY THE DRAGON: ROYAL TOMBS WERE FILLED WITH TREASURES
CALLIGRAPHY BEAUTIFULL WRITING; USUALLY WITH BRUSH & INK IN CHINA
DAOISM THIS PHILOSOPHY EMBRACES A UNIVERSAL & NATURAL PRINCIPLE - THE DAO OR "WAY" IT MANIFESTS ITSELF IN THE HARMONY OF THINGS
YOGA MEDITATION TECHNIQUES WHICH SEEK LIBERATION OF THE SELF & UNION WITH THE SUPREME SPIRIT
NIRVANA ULTIMATE GOAL OF EVERY HINDU (WHEN UNION OF BRAHMAN & ATMAN; RESULTING IN THE REJECTION OF THE MATERIAL WORLD)
ATMAN IS SELF ("SOULDLESS, FORMLESS, INTANGIBLE, UNDYING, TASTELESS, ORDERLESS, WITHOUT BEGINNING, WITHOUT END, ETERNAL, IMMUTABLE, & BEYOND NATURE")
CHINA'S TANG & SONG CHINA EXPERIENCE A FLOWERING OF CULTURE/CONFUCIAN, DAO, & BUDDHIST PRACTICES CONTINUES INTO THE NEXT ERA.
CASTE SYSTEMS IN INDIAN, THE HIERARCHICAL ORDER MARKED THE SOCIAL RANKING OF INDIVIDUALS STARTING WITH THE MOST PRIVILEGED: PRIESTS & SCHOLARS, RULERS & SCHOLARS, RULERS & WARRIORS, ARTISANS & MERCHANTS, AND SKILLED WORKERS
BHAGAVF-GITA (POEM: SONG OF GOD) "IN THE MOST FAMOUS PART, A DIALOGUE TAKES PLACE BETWEEN ARJUNA & KRISHNA, SEEKS TO RECONCILE HIS MATERIAL OBLIGATIONS WITH HIS SPIRITUAL QUEST FOR SELFLESSNESS
PANTHEISM 'IDENTIFICATION OF THE DIVINE WITH THE UNVARYING RHYTHMS OF NATURE"
VEDAS "SACRED KNOWLEDGE" INDIA'S OLDEST DEVOTIONAL TEXTS IT IS A COLLECTION OF PRAYERS & HYMNS
ORACLE BONES ON THE SURFACES OF ANIMAL BONES, SHANG DIVINERS INSCRIBED QUESTIONS...HEATED TO CREATE CRACKS THAT THE PREIESTS MIGHT READ & INTERPRET
BRAHMAN INDIAN GOD; ALL PREVADING COSMIC-SPIRIT (IS INFINITE, FORMLESS, & ULTIMATELY UNKNOWABLE
MAHABHARATA ONE OF INDIA'S GREAT EPICS: "GREAT DEEDS OF BHARATA CLAN"
Created by: Jamielee88