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pharm exam 4

ch 29-34

penicillin G procaine Crysticillin, Wycillin - Basic penicillin
penicillin G benzathine Bicillin - basic penicillin
penicillin G sodium/potassium Pfizerpen (electrolyte levels should be monitored) - basic penicillin
penicillin V potassium Veetids - basic penicillin - not recommended for renal failure. take drug after meals.
amoxicillin Amoxil - broad-spectrum penicillin
amoxicillin-clavulanate Augmentin - broad-spectrum penicillin - lower respiratory infections, otitis media, sinusitis, skin infections, and UTIs
ampicillin Principen - effective against gram-neg and gram-pos bacteria - broad spectrum penicillin
ampicillin-sulbactam Unasyn - broad-spectrum penicillin
dicloxacillin sodium Dynapen - penicillinase-resistant penicillins
nafcillin Nallpen - highly effective against penicillin G resistant Staphylococcus aureus - penicillinase-resistant penicillins
oxacillin sodium Bactocill - for penicillin-resistant staphylococci - for penicillinase-resistant penicillins
carbenicillin indanyl Geocillin - extended-spectrum penicillins - treats infections caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Proteus spp. Use with caution when admin to clients with HTN or HF
piperacillin-tazobactam Zosyn - extended-spectrum penicillins - treats severe appendicitis, skin infections, pneumonia, beta-lactamase-producing bacteria. Tazobactam is a beta-lactamase inhibitor
ticarcillin-clavulanate Timentin - effective for treating septicemia and lower respiratory tract, urinary tract, skin, bone, and joint infections
aztreonam Azactam - gram-neg infections of the lower respiratory tract, urinary tract, skin, and vagina. not effective against gram-pos organisms. - beta-lactam antibiotic
imipenem-cilastatin Primaxin - treatment of septicemia and severe infections of the lower respiratory tract, urinary tract, skin, bones, and joints. effective against most gram-neg organisms including Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
meropenem Merrem - effective against most strains of gram-neg organisms, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and effective for complicated appendicitis, peritonitis, meningitis, and soft-tissue infections
cefadroxil Duricef - first generation cephalosporin
cefazolin sodium Ancef - first gen cephalosporin
cephalexin Keflex - first gen cephalosporin
cephradine Velosef - first gen cephalosporin
cefaclor Ceclor, Raniclor - second gen cephalosporin
cefotetan Cefotan - second gen cephalosporin
cefoxitin sodium Mefoxin - second gen cephalosporin
cefprozil monohydrate Cefzil - second gen cephalosporin
cefuroxime Ceftin, Zinacef - second gen cephalosporin
cefdinir Omnicef - third gen cephalosporin
cefixime Suprax - third gen cephalosporin
cefoperazone Cefobid - third gen cephalosporin
cefotaxime Claforan - third gen cephalosporin
cefpodoxime Vantin - third gen cephalosporin
ceftazidime Fortaz - third gen cephalosporin
ceftriazone Rocephin - third gen cephalosporin
ceftizoxime sodium Cefizox - third gen cephalosporin
ceftibuten Cedax - third gen cephalosporin
cefditoren pivoxil Spectracef - third gen cephalosporin
cefepime Maxipime - fourth gen cephalosporin
azithromycin Zithromax - macrolide
clarithromycin Biaxin - macrolide
clindamycin HCl Cleocin - lincosamide
clindamycin palmitate Cleocin Pediatric - lincosamide
clindamycin phosphate Cleocin Phosphate - lincosamide
lincomycin Lincocin - lincosamide
vancomycin HCl Vancocin - glycopeptide
telavancin Vibativ - glycopeptide
telithromycin Ketek - Ketolide
daptomycin Cubicin - lipopeptide
tetracycline Sumycin - short-acting tetracycline
demeclocyclie HCl Declomycin - intermediate acting tetracycline
doxycycline hyclate Vibramycin - long-acting tetracycline
minocycline HCl Minocin - long-acting tetracycline
tigecycline Tygacil - glycylcyclines
ciprofloxacin HCl Cipro - fluoroquinolones
levofloxacin Levaquin - fluoroquinolones
lomefloxacin Maxaquin - fluoroquinolones
moxifloxacin Avelox - fluoroquinolones
norfloxacin Noroxin - fluoroquinolones
ofloxacin Floxin - fluoroquinolones
amikacin sulfate Amikin - aminoglycoside
gentamicin sulfate Garamycin - aminoglycoside
kanamycin sulfate Kantrex - aminoglycoside
stretomycin sulfate Streptomycin - aminoglycoside
tobramycin sulfate Nebcin - aminoglycoside
chloramphenicol Chloromycetin - unclassified
quinupristin/dalfopristin Synercid - unclassified
sulfadiazine Microsulfon - short-acting sulfonamide
sulfasalazine Azulfidine - intermediate-acting sulfonamide
trimethorim-sulfamethoxazole Bactrim, Septra - intermediate-acting sulfonamide
ethambutrol HCl Myambutol - antitubercular first-line drug
isoniazid INH, Nydrazid - antitubercular first-line drug
rifabutin Mycobutin - antitubercular first-line drug
rifampin Rifadin - antitubercular first-line drug
rifapentine Priftin - antitubercular first-line drug
streptomycin sulfate antitubercular first-line drug
aminosalicylate sodium, para-aminosalicylate sodium PAS - antitubercular second-line drug
capreomycin Capastat - antitubercular second-line drug
ethionamide Trecator SC - antitubercular second-line drug
amphotericin B Fungizone - polyenes
nystatin Mycostatin - polyenes
fluconazole Diflucan - azole
itraconazole Sporanox - azole
ketoconazole Nizoral - azole
miconazole nitrate Monistat - azole
voriconazole Vfend - azole
posaconazole Noxafil - azole
flucytosine Ancobon - antimetabolites
caspofungin Cancidas - echinocandins
micafungin Mycamine - echinocandins
anidulafungin Eraxis - echinocandins
atovaquone Mepron - antiprotozoals
tinidazole Tindamax - antiprotozoals
griseofulvin Fulvicin - misc. antifungals
Bacitracin Baci-IM - petides/peptides
colistimethate sodium Coly-Mycin M - petides/peptides
polymyxin B sulfate petides/peptides
metronidazole Flagyl, MetroGel - additional antibacterial agent
amantadine HCl Symmetrel - non-HIV antivirals; nonclassified antivirals
cidofovir Vistide - non-HIV antivirals; nonclassified antivirals
foscarnet Foscavir - non-HIV antivirals; nonclassified antivirals
rimantadine HCl Flumadine - non-HIV antivirals; nonclassified antivirals
telbivudine Tyzeka - non-HIV antivirals; nonclassified antivirals
adefovir dipivoxil Hepsera - non-HIV antivirals; nonclassified antivirals
entecavir Baraclude - non-HIV antivirals; nonclassified antivirals
acyclovir Zovirax - Purine nucleosides
famciclovir Famvir - Purine nucleosides
ganciclovir sodium Cytovene - Purine nucleosides
ribavirin Virazole - Purine nucleosides
valacyclovir HCl Valtrex - Purine nucleosides
valganciclovir Valcyte - Purine nucleosides
oseltamivir phosphate Tamiflu - neuraminidase inhibitors
zanamivir Relenza - neuraminidase inhibitors
penciclovir Denavir - topical non-HIV antivirals
trifluridine Viroptic - topical non-HIV antivirals
chloroquine HCl Aralen HCl - antimalarial
hydroxychloroquine sulfate Plaquenil sulfate - antimalarial
mefloquine HCl Lariam - antimalarial
primaquine phosphate Primaquine - antimalarial
pyrimethamine Daraprim - antimalarial
quinine sulfate Novoquinine - antimalarial
atovaquone/proguanil Malarone - combination antimalarial drug
artemether/lumefantrine Coartem - combination antimalarial drug
bithionol Actamer - anthelmintic drugs
diethylcarbamazine Hetrazan - anthelmintic drugs
ivermectin Stromectol - anthelmintic drugs
mebendazole Vermox - anthelmintic drugs
piperazine citrate Entacyl - anthelmintic drugs
praziquantel Biltricide - anthelmintic drugs
pyrantel pamoate Pin-X - anthelmintic drugs
thiabendazole Mintezol - anthelmintic drugs
fosfomycin tromethamine Monurol - antiseptic and urinary antiinfective
methenamine hippurate Hiprex, Urex - antiseptic and urinary antiinfective
nitrofurantoin Furadantin, Macrodantin - antiseptic and urinary antiinfective
trimetoprim Proloprim - antiseptic and urinary antiinfective
ertapenem Invanz - antiseptic and urinary antiinfective
trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole TMP-SMZ, Bactrim, Septra - Sulfonamides - antiseptic and urinary antiinfective
ciprofloxacin Cipro - quinolones/fluoroquinolones - antiseptic and urinary antiinfective
lomefloxacin Maxaquin - antiseptic and urinary antiinfective - quinolones/fluoroquinolones
nalidixic acid Neg-Gram - antiseptic and urinary antiinfective - quinolones/fluoroquinolones
norfloxacin Noroxin - antiseptic and urinary antiinfective
ofloxacin Floxin - antiseptic and urinary antiinfective
aztreonam Azactam - (other) antiseptic and urinary antiinfective
imipenem/cilastatin sodium Primaxin - (other) antiseptic and urinary antiinfective
polymyxin B SO4 Aerosporin - (other) antiseptic and urinary antiinfective
phenazopyridine HCl Pyridium - urinary analgesic
bethanechol Cl Urecholine - urinary stimulant
dimethyl sulfoxide DMSO, Rimso-50 - urinary antispasmodic
flavoxate HCl Urispas - urinary antispasmodic
oxybutynin Cl Ditropan
tolterodine tartrate Detrol, Detrol LA - antimuscarinics/anticholinergics
trospium chloride Sanctura, Sanctura XR - antimuscarinics/anticholinergics
solifenacin succinate VESIcare - antimuscarinics/anticholinergics
darifenacin hydrobromide Enablex - antimuscarinics/anticholinergics
Created by: sarahmac0