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Unit IX

Elimination Disorders for NUR 100

QuestionAnswer
Diarrhea increase in frequency, volume and fluid content of stools
constipation infrequent or difficult passage of stool
irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) spastic bowel or mucous colitis, disorder of the lower GI tract
fecal incontinence loss of voluntary control of defecation
appendicitis inflammation of the appendix
ulcerative colitis chronic inflammatory bowel disorder that affects the mucosa of the colon and rectum
Crhon's disease regional enteritis, chronic, relapsing inflammatory disorder of the GI tract, usually the terminal ileum and ascending colon
diverticulosis presence of diverticula
diverticulitis inflammation in and around the diverticular sac
Celiac disease inability to digest and process gluten
lactase deficiency inability to digest and process lactose
short bowel syndrome due to bowel surgery, lack of surface area for digestion and nutrient absorption
polyp growth within the bowel
colorectal cancer abnormal malignant or benign cellular growth within the lower colon and rectum
urinary tract infection (UTI) infection of the urinary tract
cystitis inflammation of the urinary bladder
urethritis inflammation of the urethra
prostatitis inflammation of the prostate
pyelonephritis inflammation of the renal pelvis and parenchyma
urinary calculi kidney stones
urinary tract tumor abnormal growth of cells in the urinary system
urinary retention incomplete emptying of the urinary bladder
neurogenic bladder disruption of the central or peripheral nervous systems affecting voiding
urinary incontinence involuntary urination
dysuria painful urination
urgency sudden compelling need to urinate
nocturia voiding 2 or more times at night
hematuria blood in the urine
pyuria cloudy urine
polyuria abnormal production of large amounts of urine
olguria less than 500 mL/day or less than 30 mL/hr
anuria lack of urine production
patients ideally make ____ mL of urine/hr 30
CAUTI Catheter Associated Urinary Tract Infection
Manifestations of cystitis dysuria, pyuria, frequency, hematuria, urgency, suprapubic discomfort, nocturia
Manifestations of Acute Pyelopenpritis Urinary: frequency, dysuria, pyuria, hematuria, flank pain, costovertebral tenderness Systemic: vomiting, diarrhea, acute fever, chills, malaise
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with UTI acute pain, knowledge deficit, readiness for enhanced self-health maintenance, impaired urinary elimination
lithiasis means stone formation
symptoms of urinary calculi vary with size and location, flank pain, chills, fever, frequency, urgency, hematuria
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with urinary calculi Acute pain, impaired urinary elimination, readiness for enhanced knowledge.
symptoms of urinary tract tumor gross hematuria, colicky pain, UTI like symptoms
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with urinary tract tumor impaired urinary elimination, risk for infection, risk for impaired skin integrity, disturbed body image,
symptoms of urinary retention inability to empty bladder completely
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with urinary retention impaired urinary elimination, risk for infection, risk for impaired skin integrity
types of neurogenic bladder spastic and flaccid
symptoms of urinary incontinence impaired bladder control
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with urinary incontinence readiness for enhanced urinary elimination, toileting self-care deficit, impaired social interaction, risk for infection, risk for impaired skin integrity, social isolation
symptoms of diarrhea frequent loose stools
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with diarrhea Diarrhea, risk for fluid volume deficit, risk for impaired skin integrity
symptoms of constipation less than 2 bowel movements in one week
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with constipation Constipation, activity intolerance, social isolation
symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome change in frequency, abnormal stool form, altered stool passage, massage of mucus
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with irritable bowel syndrome diarrhea, constipation, risk for fluid volume deficit, knowledge deficit, readiness for enhanced knowledge
symptoms of fecal incontinence loss of voluntary control of defecation
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with fecal incontinence bowel incontinence, risk for impaired skin integrity, social isolation
symptoms of appendicitis right lower quadrant pain, rebound tenderness at McBurney's Point
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with appendicitis Risk for infection, Acute pain
two categories of inflammatory bowel disease Ulcerative Colitis and Crohn's Disease
symptoms of ulcerative colitis diarrhea, stools containing blood and mucus, left lower quadrant cramping relieved by deification, fatigue, anorexia, weakness
symptoms of Crohn's Disease persistent diarrhea, liquid or semi-formed but not containing blood, right lower quadrant pain relieved by defecation, fever, malaise, anemia
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with inflammatory bowel disease diarrhea, disturbed body image r/t ostomy placement, imbalanced nutrition: less than
symptoms of diverticulosis and diverticulitis left sided pain, cramping, nausea, vomiting, fever, abdominal distention
Nursing Diagnosis for diverticulosis and diverticulitis Potential complication: perforation, acute pain, anxiety
symptoms of celiac disease inability to tolerate gluten ingestion, abdominal cramping and bloating, diarrhea, steatorrhea
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with celiac disease diarrhea, imbalanced nutrition: less than, readiness for enhanced knowledge r/t diet modification ie: gluten
symptoms of lactase deficiency inability to tolerate lactase ingestion, lower abdominal cramping, diarrhea
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with lactase deficiency diarrhea, imbalanced nutrition: less than, readiness for enhanced knowledge r/t diet modification ie: milk and milk products
symptoms of polyps intermittent painless rectal bleeding, bright or dark red, abdominal cramping, pain, obstruction
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with polyps readiness for enhanced knowledge r/t polyp prevention and treatment
symptoms of colorectal cancer generally no manifestations until the cancer has progressed
Nursing Diagnosis for a patient with colorectal cancer acute pain, imbalanced nutrition: less than, anticipatory grieving, risk for sexual disfunction
Created by: rkardell