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Chapter 1 vocab.

Genetic Engineering "The process of removing and/or inserting genetic material in order to change an organism’s traits.
Bioinformatics "The use of information tech- nology to store, analyze, sort, label, and share the many DNA sequences generated by genome sequencing projects.
Synthetic Biology The process where biologi- cal parts and entire living systems may be designed and synthesized in the laboratory.
Developing Countries Countries that are in the process of developing in terms of infrastructure, food production, and so on.
Green Reveloution A term referring to the tre- mendous advances in food production that began in the 1970s.
DNA A genetic pro- teinlike nucleic acid on plant and animal genes and chromosomes that controls inheritance.
Transgenic Organisms that have genetic materials inserted from a different species.
Biotech The use of technology to influence biological functions.
Genetically Modified Organisms that have been genetically changed through the inter- vention of humans.This includes the process of selective breeding.
Genetically Engineered The process of removing genes from one organism and transferring them to another organism.
Cloning Production of a genetically identical offspring by artificial means.
Biomanufacturing Manufacturing through the use of biotechnology, such as gene splicing.
Pharming A term combining the words phar- maceutical and farming that refers to growing organ- isms (usually genetically altered) for the purpose of producing pharmaceuticals.
Personalized Medicine Medecine that is designed for a particular individual.
Personalized Genomics The particular gene makeup of an individual.
Gene Therapy A medical procedure to treat and cure genetic disorders that includes modifying or replacing disease-causing genes.
Stem Cells Cells that are programmed to begin the differentiation process of cell development.
Bioremediation An environmental improve- ment process whereby living organisms can be used to consume and convert pollutants to harm- less substances.
Biotechnology The manipulation of living organisms or parts of organisms to make products useful to humans.
Created by: brandonmclamb