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Membrane-bound organelle that uses sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into sugars "converts light energy into chemical energy" Chloroplasts
Structures in some protist and animal cells that produce the cytoskeleton, and aid in cell division. Centrioles
Membrane -bound organelle that contains digestive enzymes that aid in digestive food or old cell parts "stomach of cell" Lysosome
Membrane-bound organelle that usually stores excess water and ions. Large vacuoles exist plant and fungal cells Vacuole
Membrane-bound organelle that aids in movement of materials within the cell. Allows for increased surface area to process materials and make proteins. Rough ER contains ribosomes on surface which help make the proteins. Endoplasmic Reticulum
Membrane-bound organelle that sorts and packages materials(mostly proteins) into vesicles for export. Golgi Body
Membrane-bound organelle that contains the DNA and Nucleolus in Eukaryotic cells. The nucleus functions to replicate DNA when needed, transcribe RNA stands, and the nucleus makes the ribosomes for the cells. Nucleus
Membrane-bound organelle that burns sugars in the presence of oxygen so the cell can have enough ATP to function. Mitochondria
Network of microfilaments and microtubules that help give the cells shape and aids in movement. Cytoskeleton
A structure that helps give support and prevents cytolysis (cell bursting) Cell Wall
Structures that are the site for protein synthesis. Ribosomes translate RNA codons and build amino acid and chains. (aka proteins) Ribosomes
Any cell part surrounding a membrane Organelle
A lipid bilayer selectively permeable(allows only certain things to go through) Proteins and sugars may be embedded in membranes to aid in the function of the membrane Membrane
The selectively permeable membrane that surrounds the cell. Functions to allow materials to exchange and to "sense surroundings" Cell Membrane
Solution of mostly water that contains dissolved ions, molecules,and the enzymes needed for the cell function Cytoplasm
"cyto" Cell
has no nucleus, bacteria and archaebacteria and prokaryotic Prokaryotic Cell
has a nucleus surrounded by a membrane, all domain Eukarya and eukaryotic Eukaryotic Cell
Taking the top number of the element Protons
top number subtract the bottom number Neutrons
top number Electrons
top number, positive charges Atomic Number
bottom number, negative number Atomic Mass
All cells contain these 4 things Cell Membrane Cytoplasm Ribosomes DNA/RNA
high surface ratio to volume ratio small cells
smaller surface area to volume ratio larger cells
Prokaryotic Cells with cell wall Bacteria
Prokaryotic with cell wall, but live in extreme environments Archaebacteria
Eukaryotic Cells Eukarya
Plant-like, Animal-like, and fungus- like with a cell wall Protists
Decomposers with cell wall Fungus
Photosynthesis with cell wall Plants
Heterotrophic with no cell wall Animals
O Organized
R Reproduce
G Grow and Develop
E Exchange Materials
R Respond to Stimuli
T Transfer Energy
S Self-Regulating
Created by: 18ChapmanG