Normal Size Small Size show me how
unit 1 "ob"
Unit 1 lesson 1 "ob"
|Undefined Terms||If there's a communication, the words must be approximately the same meaning for the reader that they have for the writer. Make sure you clarify the meaning of any words that your audience may not understand|
|Ad Hominem (name calling)||"attack against the man"a personal attack on individuals instead of issues.In your rebuttals,be sure to concentrate on a response to the premises of the argument, not on the speaker or writer. Personal attack is irrevelant to argument and weakens your cre|
|Hasty Generalization||Drawing conclusions based on insufficient or select evidence; a false assumption which results from jumping to conclusions about a group or issues|
|Non-sequitur||"It does not follow." A false conclusion does not logically follow the reasoning provided(and is often overgeneralized or overemotional)|
|Red Herring/Arguing off the point (ignoratio Elenchi)||often called "digression" This fallacy occurs when someone argues a point that is unrelated to the topic or he/she ignores the question at issue|
|Causation (post hoc, ergo propter hoc)||"After this, Therefore because of this" A fallacy due to misplaces caused or effect. The mere fact that one thing takes place first and another thing follows does not necessarily mean that the first event caused the second. Correlation is not causation.|
|Begging the question (circular reasoning)||the conclusion simply repeats or rephrases the beginning assumption. Thus nothing is really proven.|
|1)Polarization and 2)Either-Or||1 is a highly emotional one-sided reasoning that does not offer an alternative action or middle ground on an argument. 2)Forces people to choose between two alternatives when more that|
|Bandwagon||A claim that everyone is doing something and you will be let out if you don't participate.|
|Biased or incompetent||a fallacy brought about due to an unknowledgeable a|