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NUR 100 Nutrition

CSM Nursing nutrition

TermDefinition
Function of Gastrointestinal System Secretion, digestion, absorption, motility and elimination
Pancreas secretes enzymes and insulin
Liver Storage, protection, and metabolism
Gallbladder Collects, Storage, and concentrate of bile
Assessment of abdomen Inspection Auscultation Percussion palpation
Functions of nutrients Provide energy for body processes and movement Provide structural material for building and maintaining body tissues
Carbohydrates Elements Simple carbohydrates- sugars Complex carbohydrates starches & fiber
DIGESTION aided by ENZYMES Ptyalin Pancreatic amylase Maltase Sucrase Lactase
Carbohydrate Metabolism Major source of energy Broken down into glucose and used or stored Insulin enhances the transport of glucose into cells
Carbs are stored as.... glycogen or fat
Glycogenesis is the process of glycogen formation
Nutrient Categories -Essential amino acids (9) -Nonessential amino acids
9 Essential Amino Acids (AA) * CANNOT BE MANUFACTURED BY THE BODY***
Nonessential Amino Acids The body can manufacture Glycine Alanine Aspartic acid Glutamic acid Proline Hydroxyproline Cystine Tryosine Serine
Protein Storage Absorbed through the small intestine and into the blood
ANABOLISM building tissue
CATABOLISM breaking down proteins
NITROGEN BALANCE state when nitrogen intake equals nitrogen output.
LIPIDS Greasy and insoluble in water; soluble in alcohol
FATS solid at room temperature
OILS liquid at room temperature
Fatty Acids carbon chains and hydrogen
Saturated All carbon atoms filled with hydrogen
Unsaturated Have at least 2 carbon atoms not attached to hydrogen but instead have double bond
WATER Most basic nutrient controls body temperature, lubricant
VITAMIN Organic compound cannot be manufactured by the body
Types of minerals Macrominerals Microminerals
Metabolism Biochemical and physiologic process by which the body grows and maintains itself
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR) Rate at which the body metabolizes food to maintain the energy requirements of a person
Body Mass Index (BMI) Wt in KG / Ht in meters Normal 18.5-24.9
Obesity Abnormal increase in the proportion of fat cells
Malnutrition Protein-calorie malnutrition Poor eating habits or malabsorption problem
Anorexia Nervosa Self imposed weight loss Self-starvation
Bulimia Nervosa Frequent binge eating Self induced vomiting
Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) The backward flowing of gastric contents into the esophagus.
Hiatal Hernia Protrusion of the stomach through the esophageal hiatus of the diaphragm into the thorax Sliding Hernia Rolling Hernia
Sliding Hernia Heartburn Regurgitation Chest pain Dysphagia Belching Fullness
Paraesophageal (Rolling) Hernia Feeling of fullness after eating Breathlessness after eating Feeling of suffocation Chest pain that mimics angina
Created by: Gguillen4754