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Nutrition

Ch 6

TermDefinition
complete proteins proteins that contain all the essential amino acids
bioavailable ability of a nutrient to be readily absorbed and used by the body
incomplete proteins proteins that do not contain all of the essential amino acids
complementary proteins incomplete proteins that when combined provide all 10 essential amino acids
nitrogen chemical element found in protein; essential to life
amino acids nitrogen-containing chemical compounds of which protein is composed
polypeptides ten or more amino acids bonded together
trypsin pancreatic enzyme; helps digest proteins
chymotrypsin pancreatic enzyme necessary for the digestion of proteins
carboxypeptidase pancreatic enzyme necessary for protein digestion
nitrogen balance when nitrogen intake equals nitrogen excreted
positive nitrogen balance nitrogen intake exceeds output
physical trauma extreme physical stress
negative nitrogen balance more nitrogen lost than taken in
albumin protein that occurs in blood plasma
protein energy malnutrition (PEM) malnutrition resulting from inadequate intake of protein and energy-rich foods; marasmus and kwashiorkor
marasmus severe wasting caused by lack of protein and all nutrients or faulty absorption; PEM
kwashiorkor deficiency disease caused by extreme lack of protein
mental retardation below normal intellectual capacity
Created by: heylee34