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LWT 210

Unit 1: Key Nutrition Concepts & Terms

What is the meaning of "RDA"? Recommended Dietary Allowance
What does "DRI" stand for? Dietary Reference Intakes
What does energy dense mean? Foods that consist of high caloric value per unit of weight in food
What is an empty calorie? Energy dense & Nutrient poor
What does nutrient dense mean? High levels of nutrients & relatively low caloric value
What is malnutrition? Inadequate & excessive availability of calories and nutrients in the body
What causes malnutrition? Poor Diet, disease and genetics
What are RDA's based on? Age, gender and pregnant or breastfeeding; based on 97-98% of healthy individuals
What does EAR mean? Estimated Average Requirement
What are Tolerable Upper Intake Levels? The effects of excessively high intake of nutrients
What items are included in tolerable upper intake levels? Supplements & Fortified Foods
Phytochemicals act as what? Antioxidants
What do phytochemicals do? Provide plants with color, give them flavor, foster their growth and protect from disease and insects.
The consumption of what contributes to a reduced risk to; cancer, heart disease and infections? Phytochemicals
What are Adequate Intakes Tentative RDA's with too little scientific research to be added to the RDA
What are examples of an adequate intake? Vitamin K and/or fluoride
What are nutrients? Chemical Substances present in food that are used by the body to sustain growth
What are the nutrients? Carbohydrates, proteins, fats, water, vitamins and minerals
What are essential nutrients? Nutrients that the body cannot produce and needs to come from the diet
How many vitamins are included in the essential nutrients? 14
How many minerals are included in the essential nutrients? 15
Created by: 1574977699