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Vital Signs

Chapter 13: Vital Signs

Apical Pulse The pulse on the left side of the chest, just below the nipple
Apnea The absence of breathing
Brachial Pulse The pulse inside the elbow, about 1 to 1 1/2 inches above the elbow
Bradycardia A slow heart rate - under 60 beats per minute
Cheyne-Stokes respiration Type of respiration with periods of apnea lasting at least 10 seconds, along with alternating periods of slow, irregular respiration and rapid, shallow respirations
Diastolic Second measurement of blood pressure; phase when the heart relaxes
Dilate To widen
Dyspnea Difficulty breathing
Eupnea Normal respiration
Expiration The process of exhaling air out if the lungs
Hypertension High blood pressure, measuring 140/90 or higher
Hypotension Low blood pressure, measuring 100/60 or lower
Hypothermia A condition in which body temperature drops below the level required for normal functioning; severe sub-normal body temperature
Inspiration The process of inhaling air into the lungs
Orthopnea Shortness of breath when lying down that is relieved by sitting up
Orthostatic Hypotenstion A sudden drop in blood pressure that occurs when a person stands or sits up; also called postural hypotension
Prehypertension A condition in which a person has a systolic measurement of 120-139 mm Hg and a diastolic measurement of 80-89 mm Hg; indicator that the person is likely to have high blood pressure in the future, even though he or she does not have it now
Radial Pulse The pulse on the inside of the wrist, where the radial artery runs just beneath the skin
Respiration The process of inhaling air into the lungs (inspiration) and exhaling air out of the lungs (expiration)
Sphygmomanometer A device that measures blood pressure
Stethoscope An instrument used to hear sounds in the human body, such as the heartbeat or pulse, breathing sounds, or bowl sounds
Systolic First measurement of blood pressure; phase when the heart is at work, contracting ad pushing blood out of the left ventricle
Tachypnea A fast heartbeat - over 100 beats
Thermometer A device used for measuring the degree of heat or cold
Created by: kaylove96
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