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Med Terminology

Root Words, Prefixes, Suffix & Abbreviations

TermDefinition
Osteo bone
Cephal/o head
Enter/o intestines
Hepat/o liver
My/o muscle
Gastro stomach
Hem/o blood
Cutaneo skin
Homo the same
Megaly enlargement
Dys bad, difficult
Hydr/o water
itis inflammation
Macro large
Micro small
pathy denotes disease
Scler/o hardness
Tachy fast
Neo new
Cyano blue
optic pertaining to eye
phag to engulf
pyro fever
stomy creation of an opening
brady slow
melan black
chloro green
xanth yellow
cryo cold
cholecyst/o gallbladder
leuk white
erthr red
necro dead
cyte cell
adip/o fatty tissue
encephl/o brain
cyst/o bladder
neuro/o nerve, CNS
pneum lungs
nephr/o kidney
cardio heart
hypo below normal
hyper above normal
psych the mind
therm heat
stasis stable state
vas vessel
olig few, small amount
septic poison
trans across
xero dry
angio vessel
ante before
chole bile
ex/o out or outer
mal bad or ill
arth joint
eu good, well, true
hist tissue
iso equal
A- without
De- away from, seperation
anti- against each other
pre- before
quad- four
tri- three
uni- one
-algia pain
-cide kill, destroy
-genic formation
-lysis destruction
-crine to secrete
-ectomy surgical removal
-plasty surgical repair
c with
ad- toward, to
ab- away from
peri- around
para- around, near, beside
ambi- both
bi- two
intre- among, between
intra- inside, within
-plegia paralysis, stroke
-pnea breathing
-penia deficiency, lacking
-emia blood
-rrhea flow, discharge
-logy science of
-oma tumor
abd abdomen
a.c. before meals
ad lib as desired
AMA against medical advise
amt amount
approx. approximately
bid twice a day
O2 oxygen
OB obstetrics
OOB out of bed
OR operating room
OS left eye
per by or through
P pulse
BM bowel movement
BP blood pressure
bpm beats per minute
BRP bathroom privileges
C centigrade
CCU coronary care unit
c/o complains of
p.c. after meals
p.o. by mouth
postop post operative
preop pre operative
pt patient
PT physical therapy
q every
qid four times a day
ED emergency department
H2O water
I&O intake and output
IM intramuscular
IV intravenous
kg kilogram
L liter
lb pound
NKA no known allergies
NKDA no known drug allergies
NPO nothing by mouth
NS normal saline
NSS normal saline solution
amb ambulatory
s without
ss one half
stat immediately
tid three times a day
TPR temperature, pulse, respirations
UA urinalysis
WC wheelchair
WNL within normal limits
Wt weight
VS vital signs
prn as needed
ADL activities of daily living
CBC complete blood count
DNR do not resusitate
F fahrenheit
mL milliliter
T.O. telephone order
subq/subcut subcutaneous
AEB as evidenced by
BKA below the knee amputation
R/O rule out
DM diabetes mellitus
GI gastrointestinal
OU both eyes
V.O. verbal order
AKA above the knee amputation
BSC bedside commode
R/T related to
OTC over the counter
Created by: heylee34