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History Exam 1

Medieval Music Terms/Concepts

Mass Proper Mass for special festival days/holidays. Introit, Gradual, Alleluia, Offertory, Communion.
Mass Ordinary Mass for regular days. Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Agnus Dei, Ita missa est.
Responsorial Psalmody Chant in which soloist alternated with a group.
Troubadour Poet/lyricist who composed songs mainly on themes of courtly love.
Courtly Love Secular love--non God/church related.
Orangum Chant setting style in which one or more voices is added above plainchant melody to create polyphony.
Notre Dame Organum 3+ voices added above plainchant to create polyphony.
Tenor In chant: the reciting tone, in 12th and 13th centuries: the voice part that held the original plainchant melody.
Duplum Voice above tenor; second voice from the bottom.
Florid Organum Also known as melismatic organum--tenor holds relatively long notes while other voices sing different notes of varying length above it.
Discant Clausula Separate section of music that can often times stand on its own; Two or three notes on top per one long note on bottom, ended by some form of cadence.
Ars Nova 1310-1377. Notes written with greater independence of rhythm, no longer shackled by rhythmic modes, secular music acquires polyphonic sophistication previously found only in sacred music, isorhythm and motet become prevalent.
Isorhythm Technique using fixed musical pitch pattern and fixed rhythmic pattern.
Talea Rhythmic pattern repeated exactly as isorhythmic tenor.
Color Pitch pattern repeated exactly as isorhythmic tenor.
Double Leading Tone Cadence Bottom voice moves down a whole tone, upper voice moves up a semi-tone creating a M3 & M6 expansion to P5 & P8.
Trecento Italian name for the 1300s.
Panconsonance Style in which triads predominate and dissonance is used as ornamentation.
Cantus Firmus/Tenor Mass Mass that is composed based of a pre-existing plainchant melody, found in the tenor part.
Use of Ballade as Tenor in Mass Du Fay: Se la face ay pale; Used to bridge the gap between sacred and secular. Sacred words with secular music.
Head Motive Initial melody or phrase heard at the beginning of a piece or movement.
Dissonances Express Text Text painting technique to help listeners gain deeper understanding of text. Example: Dowland "Flow My Tears," chromatic tone on "hell."
Petrucci Published collections of masses for public uses other than church days.
Paraphrase Mass Mass in which original chant is paraphrased in every voice instead of the full chant being found in the tenor.
Points of Imitation Points in polyphonic works where two or more voices enter in imitation. Josquin, Arcadelt.
Use of Musical Imagery Text painting technique to help listeners gain deeper understanding of text. Prevalent in madrigals: Arcadelt, de Rore, Dowland.
Lute Song Composition for solo voice accompanied by lute.
Pavane 16th century slow dance; AABBCC.
Lute Tabulature Tells lute player where to put his fingers on each string instead of having music written with note heads.
Virginal/Harpsichord Virginal: baby harpsichord that fits on table. Keyboard instrument where quills pluck strings to produce sounds.
Vihuela Spanish relative of the lute. Flat backed, guitar shaped body.
Ornamentation The addition of embellishments either in performance or in written in the composition.
Created by: getinmydistrict