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Science Inquiry 1-3

Globe A spherical model of the Earth
Map Shows the Earth on parts of it on a flat surface
Meteorologist Studies the Earth's atmosphere; monitors, studies, and forecasts the weather
Geologist Studies the history and structure of the Earth as it is recorded in rocks
Seismologist Studies and monitors earthquake activity
Volcanogist Studies and monitors volcanic activity
GOES Geostationary Orbiting Environmental Satellite
POES Polar Orbiting Environmental Satellite
Vortex A mass of whirling fluid or air
Eye The center of a hurricane.
Tornado A violent storm that spirals around the vortex
Thunderstorm A disturbance in the atmosphere that has some or all of these: lightning, thunder, gusty winds, heavy rain, and hail.
Hurricane Massive rotating storms that form when warm air rises over tropical waters.
Typhoon A tropical storm in the region of the Indian or Western Pacific oceans.
Funnel Cloud A rotating cloud forming the core of a tornado.
Cyclone A system of winds rotating inward to an area of low atmospheric pressure going counterclockwise.
Thermosphere Exosphere and Ionosphere combining.
Exosphere Outer most boundary of the Earth.
Ionosphere Electrically charged particles called Ions.
Mesosphere Meteor trails, where most meteors burn up.
Stratosphere Contains ozone layer, where most planes fly.
Troposphere Where we live, contains the air we breathe.
Order of atmospheres Exosphere, Ionosphere, Mesosphere, Stratosphere, Troposphere
Memory Verse for atmospheres Every Indian Makes Sweet Tea
Which catastrophic events change the way the Earth looks overtime? Volcanoes
How do catastrophic events affect people? They can damage homes or build new ones
How do scientists predict weather? They have different instruments
Anemometer Measures wind, speed, and direction
3 sophisticated equipment scientists use Radar, Satellites, Computers
Why is it important to be able to track different catastrophic events? So places with more population can evacuate
Two satellites that orbit the Earth GOES, POES
Tornado watch When is a tornado is possible
Tornado warning When a tornado has been spotted
Earth's atmosphere is very _____________. Thin
The atmosphere is like a pile of blankets that keep the Earth ____________& ___________. Warm and livable
How much nitrogen covers the Earth? 78%
How much oxygen covers the Earth? 21%
How much other gases cover the Earth? 1%
The region of the U.S. where most tornadoes occur is _____________ ______________. Tornado Alley
True or False? Land will absorb heat faster and loose heat faster than water. False
True or False? The center of a tornado is called the eye. False
True or False? The layer of the atmosphere we live in is called the Exosphere. False
True or False? The middle layer of the atmosphere is called the Mesosphere? True
True or False? The layer of the atmosphere where we find Ions is called the Ionosphere. True
True or False? Airplanes are found in the Stratosphere. True
What are the two main Green House gases? Water Vapor and Carbon Dioxide
The gas that makes 78% of the atmosphere is ____________. Nitrogen
True or False? A disturbance in the atmosphere that contains lightning and thunder is a thunderstorm. True
What makes the Earth different from all the other planets in the solar system? Earth has an atmosphere
Since the Earth's atmosphere absorbs and reflects solar energy this results in the sun doing what? It doesn't heat the poles and the equator evenly
The composition or what the air is made up of also affects the amount of solar energy that reaches the Earth. Most of our atmosphere is made of what gas? Nitrogen: 78%
What invisible force holds the Earth's atmosphere in place? Gravity
What is the name of the bottom layer in which we live and weather occurs? Troposphere
What is the name of the layer above the troposphere and what is its very important job? The Stratosphere protects the Earth from the sun's harmful radiation
What is the name of the layer contained within the Stratosphere that traps the sun's harmful ultraviolet radiation and keeps it from reaching the Troposphere? Ozone Layer
What is the third or middle layer of our atmosphere called? Mesosphere
Why has our atmosphere been compared to an "ocean" and "a pile of blankets"? Because they refer to protection of the Earth
The layer you would find meteor trails. Mesosphere
The layer in which we live. Troposphere
The layer jet planes would fly through. Stratosphere
Where you would find electrically charged particles called Ions. Ionosphere
This is the layer where you would find the Ozone Layer. Stratosphere
The layer that is the outer region and space satellites orbit our planet. Exosphere
Created by: 1962116900