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American Government

Test 2A Review

Individuals acquire their opinions political socialization
parents participate in civic life children whose parents are active in politics or in their community are more likely to be active themselves
exert the strongest influence on political socialization family and school
priority among average Americans for health care higher
racial political views different
race and party 60 percent of all Asian Americans are registered Democrats
youth cohort is most politically engaged African Americans
Pubic opinion linked to political issues ideology
manifestations of popular opinion As early as the War of Independence, leaders of the continental congress was concerned with what the people thought. popular opinion mattered because support was critical to the success of the volunteer revolutionary army.
conducting a poll first need to determine the population they are targeting for the survey.
Alexis de Tocqueville coin to describe America a nation of joiners
belong to voluntary groups or associations interest group
social connections to solve problems social capital
channeling civic participation interest groups
tenets of pluralist theory
political action committees (PAC) entity whose specific goals is to raise and spend money to influence the outcome of elections
overrepresented in interest groups?
predictors of interest group membership income and education
belief in a groups cause purposive incentive
discounts provided to its members economic incentive
ideologically similar people people that nominates and elects its members to office in order to run the government and shape political policy
generally, political parties broad concerns
the status of political parties
characteristics of political parties political parties run candidates under their own, label, or affiliation. political parties seek to govern. political parties have broad concerns, focused on many issues. political parties are quasi-public organizations that have a special relationship wit
Registering, canvassing, and mobilizing
media attention on political parties political parties' work in building coalitions and promoting cooperation among diverse groups often occurs away from the bright lights of media-saturated public arena, where the parties' difference rather than their common causes, often are in the spotlig
majority party in legislatures at all levels Nearly all legislature =s from town councils to congress consist of a majority party of which more than 50 percent of the elected legislator belong
important role of political parties serving as a training ground for members, also foster effective government. this role of parties is particularly important for groups that traditionally have not been among the power brokers in the government.
function of a political party to give voters a clear choice promote civic responsibility among elected officials and give voters an important "check" on those elected officials
direct forms of political participation such as voting, volunteering on campaign, and running for office are keen interest to political scientists and scholar of civic engagement
examples of grassroots organizing volunteer on party- run campaigns, make campaign contributions, work in the day to day operations of party, and run for office
correct chronological order
influential factors in general election
who can vote in primary elections some states only registered party members are eligible to vote in primary elections, where as in other states any registered voter can vote in any party primary.
open primary a type of primary in which both party ballots are available in the voting booth, and voter select one on which to register
closed primary a type of primary in which voting in a party's primary is limited to members of that party.
timing of primary elections the states determine the timing of primary elections
Super Tuesday the Tuesday in early March on which the most primary elections are held, many of them in southern states
general elections voters decide who should hold office from among the candidates determined in the primary election
media consumers often accepted what was broadcast or printed as fact, but today one must be critical consumer of information
media functions provide political information, help us to interpret events and policies and are influential in setting the national policy agenda, provide a forum for political conversion, and socialize children to the political culture
unite comedy and political content infotainment a hybrid of the words information and entertainment, news shows that combine entertainment and news Jon Stewart's The Daily Show and Stephen Colbert's The Colbert Report
quantity and constant availability of information the constant availability of news information to the point of excess, which may cause media consumers to ignore, dismiss, or fail to see the significance of particular events
context that helps people understand important events framing
setting of the public agenda the media commonly influence the setting of the public by priming
historically one way tradition of people forming opinions information flowed the media to the people. A notable exception has been the letter to the editor
dominant medium socialization for young children, television remains the dominant medium for both entertainment and socialization
muckraking criticism and exposes of corruption in government and industry by journalist at the turn of the twentieth century
narrowcasting the practice of aiming political media content specific segments of the public divided according to political ideology, part affiliation, or economic interest
Created by: bshar1234