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5/6 Science 2.1-2.6

Observing God's World 5/6 Science Chapter 2 (2.1-2.6)

What is the process of arranging animals or other things into groups according to their similarities? Classification
What are animals with backbones called? Vertebrates
What 2 groups are used to get the scientific name? Genus and Species
What are animals without a backbone called? Invertebrates
What are invertebrates that have external skeletons, jointed appendages, and segmented bodies called? Arthropods
What is the tough material used to make the exoskeleton? Chitin
What percentage of arthropods are insects? 90%
What are an insects 3 distinct body regions? Head, thorax, and abdomen
What helps an insect feel, hear, and taste? Antennae
How many pairs of jointed legs do insects have? 3
How many pairs of wings do insects have? One or more
What is a startling transformation in appearance? Metamorphosis
What are the 4 stages in complete metamorphosis? Egg, larva, pupa, and adult
What are the 3 stages in incomplete metamorphosis? Egg, nymph, and adult
What is it called when an insect sheds its external skeleton? Molting
What are scientists who study insects? Entomologists
Crickets, grasshoppers, locusts, and cockroaches belong to what order? Orthoptera
Dragonflies and damselflies belong to what order? Odonata
Beetles belong to what order? Coleoptera
Aphids, tree hoppers, leaf hoppers, cicadas, scale insects, and the lac insect belong to what order? Homoptera
Bees, ants, and wasps belong to what order? Hymenoptera
Butterflies and moths belong to what order? Lepidoptera
True bugs belong to what order? Hemiptera
Flies, gnats, and mosquitoes belong to what order? Diptera
What class do spiders belong to? Arachnids
What body region do spiders have that insects don't? (Head and Thorax) Cephalothorax
What are sensitive hairs that allow spiders to feel? Setae
Special organ made of several tissues that allow spiders to breathe? Book Lung
What is it called when silk strands carry young spiders from place to place? Ballooning
What are special tubelike structures that allow spiders to produce silk? Spinnerets
What spider covers a small section of ground with a sheet web? Platform spider
What spider shapes its web like a funnel wih the opening facing downwards? Funnel weaver
What spider weaves cobwebs in the corners of your house and destroys many household pests? House spider
What spider holds a tiny web between its legs and uses it to trap insects? Ogre-faced spider
What spider digs a hole in the ground and covers it with a trapdoor? Trap-door spider
What spider spits out strong sticky threads at its prey before atracking? Spitting spider
What spider relies on keen eyesight to hunt? Jumping spider
Created by: SarahL101