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Music History unit 2

Music its language, history, and culture

Texture in the middle ages was primarily _____ until the advent of ______ was developed.   monophonic, organum
________is a polyphonic compositional technique that added one or more musical lines to a pre-existing Gregorian chant. Organum
Organum was developed in 12th century by ________ and _______ for use in the Cathedral of Notre Dame. Leonin and Perotin
The shift from monophony or _________ to polyphony coincided with the founding of the first universities in Europe, in _______ and later in Paris and ______ (circa). Gregorian chant, Salerno 850, Oxford 1170
Few instruments were used widely in the Medieval period _____, _____ ______, _______ as well as other string instruments and drums. bagpipes, pipe organs, lutes
Music in this period was primarily _____. vocal
Melodies and rhythms in this period were simple musical notation chant melodies were _______ while secular tunes tended to have primarily  _______ underlay. melismatic, syllabic
 Gregorian chant was founded by ______ . Pope Gregory,
Around 600 AD _____ ________ by Pope Gregory both monophonic secular songs, polyphonic organum pieces were also created. Schola Cantorum.
Leonin (1135-1201), Perotin (1180-1207), developed _______ in the 12th century. Organum
Hildegarde von Bingen, (1098-1179) was a famous Reverend mother who saw _____ and wrote music for other women in the monastery. Visions
Guillaume de Machaut (1300-1377) who wrote sacred and secular songs. He was in love with _____ a young singer who rejected him. Peronelle
The Renaissance was a rebirth of _______ ________ (ancient Greek and and Roman cultural ideas. Cultural antiquity
_________ was the intellectual movement that focused on human life and it's achievements consequently seizing the focus away from the Catholic Church. Humanism
Martin Luther's posting of the ______ _______ on the door of the Wittenberg Church. 95 criticisms
The 95 Criticism posted on the Wittenberg Catholic Church from Martin Luther spurred the _______ _________ in Northern Europe especially in Germany. Protestant Movement
Protestant movement impacted many Northern European especially in _______. Germany
The Counsel Trent was from ____ - _____. 1545, 1563
The Counsel of Trent expressed a desire for the church to move away form ________ music and secular tunes to a more uplifting sound. Monophonic
The Counsel of Trent sought to uplift the style in three ways ______ _______ , _______ (particularly the organ), and _______. Vocal ornamentation, instruments, polyphony
Mass was large scale that accompanied 5 parts ______, ______, ______, _____, and _______. Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Sanctus, Angus Dei
Masses were written by most major composers and consisted of mostly a ______ _______ as well as a secular tune was added. polyphonic chant
Which secular tune was added to the kyrie________. missa l'homme arme
______ is a vocal genre that employed a sacred Latin text. Motet
A Motet is a _____ ,_____, _____ work that did not use the text from the mass ordinary. free standing polyphonic
A ________ employs a secular polyphonic work written in the ______ _______ of the composer and uses extensive ____ _______. Madrigal, vernacular language, word painting
A Madrigal is composed of four to five voices (SATB) most text consisted of ______ and _____ ______. Greek, Roman myths
Some Madrigals were written for monarchs such as ____ ______ ___ or on occasion domestic or romantic affairs known as a ______ in France. Queen Elisabeth I, Chanson
The Baroque artist hated the _____ _____ in favor of the bizarre, flamboyant, and elaborate Classical antiquity
The _____ __ ______ epitomizes the _____ _____ with every or ornate cravings, elaborate paintings and gold leafs. Palace of Versailles, Baroque style
The Baroque Art emphasized ______ and _______ and unity of mood. This was also apparent in the music ______ melodies and highly ________ setting for text. Motion, continuity, ornamented, melismatic
Women were not allowed to ____ in the Catholic Church. J.S. Bach dies at the end of the _____ ______. Sing, baroque period
_____ and _____ can be describes as continuous, with an emphasis on _____ and ______ direction. Rhythm, melody, motion, forward
Musicians are generally better _____ and can make a living as a musician. Trained
Rhythms are better notated because of the _____ ______ and _____. Printing practices and notations
Musical works are increasingly _______ in the Baroque Era and always _____. Homophonic, polyphonic
The Baroque era saw the dawn of the ________ which consisted of ___ to ___ players. Orchestra, 10, 40
Instruments of the Baroque Era strings: ______, ______, ______, ______, winds: _____, ______ _____ and occasionally horns or timpani. Violin, viola, cello, bass, flute, baroque oboe
______ are also an essential to the Baroque Era. Harpsichord
Vocal works were accompanied by ______ or ______ ____. orchestra, pipe organ
_______ were ________ - either soft or loud with gradual transitions- reflecting the unity of mood and spirit in a piece. Dynamics, terraced
_____ is a large scale of vocal works that has drama, scenery, singing and full orchestra, lightings and costumes. Opera
Two new vocal genres take precedence in the Baroque Era ______ and _____. Recitative and aria
A ______ (usually with a harpsichord) are texts taken from Greek and Roman myths were all the dialogues took place. recitative
Whereas the ______ tends to elaborate on one emotion or plot point reached in the recitative. Aria
_______ were like arias but with more than one solo singer. Ensembles
_____ were often represented by the people of the town or village. Choruses
________such as Ferinelli sang the male heroine parts Castrati
_______ used the same forces as operas but with a biblical story or text. Oratorio
________ were sometimes staged but mostly took place in a church or concert hall. Oratorio
____ _______ is a Baroque instrumental genre in _______ _____ altering between _____ (whole orchestra) and soli (small group of instrumentalist). Concerto Grosso, ritornello form
One of the soloist would preform an extended _______ (solo closing material derived from the music of the tutti and soli parts. Cadenza
Created by: 526208522
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