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Culture

Professional Nursing

TermDefinition
Cultural assimilation (acculturation): Minorities living within a dominant group lose the characteristics that made them different. Occurs at individualized rates. Learn the language, work with attend school with or move closer to the dominant culture.
Mutual cultural assimilation: characteristics of both groups are traded. Example: Hispanic immigrants learn English and Americans learn to cook and enjoy traditional Hispanic foods.
Culture shock: The feelings a person experiences when placed in a different culture. May result in psychological discomfort or disturbance: feeling that individual cultural behaviors were acceptable in own culture may not be acceptable/adequate in the new one.
Subculture: Large group of people who are members of a larger cultural group. Have certain ethnic, occupational, or physical characteristics not common to the larger culture. Ex: Nursing is a subculture of larger healthcare culture.
Dominant group (largest group): Group has the most authority to control values and sanctions.
Minority group (smaller group): A physical or cultural characteristic identifies the people as different.
Cultural assimilation or acculturation: when a minority group lives within a dominant group, many of members may lose cultural characteristics that once made them different and their values may be replaced by the values of the dominant culture.
Stereotyping: one assumes all members of one culture, ethnic group or race act a like can be positive or negative. what is example of negative stereotyping? -> Racism ageism, sexism, prejudice.
Cultural Imposition: belief that everyone should conform to your belief system.
Cultural Blindness: one ignores differences and proceeds as though they do not exist.
Cultural Conflict: occurs when people become aware of cultural differences, feel threatened and respond by ridiculing the beliefs and traditions of others to make themselves feel more secure about their own beliefs.
Ethnocentrism: Believing that ones own beliefs are superior or preferred over another.
Cultural Diversity: refers to the existence of diverse groups in society with varying cultural characteristics.
Cultural Humility: “I can be sensitive to my patient’s culture . I will accept my patient/family for who they are and ask questions”. An attitude that acknowledges that a patient's culture can only be appreciated by learning from the patient.
Cultural Assessment: Ask the patient how they want to be treated based upon their values and beliefs. Review literature and research about the culture before initiating contact with the patient.This information is generalized.Need to individualize once interaction occurs.
Created by: mr209368