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AP MOD. I-Skin

integumentary system

cutaneous membrane the skin
parietal membrane lines walls of body cavities
visceral membrane covers organs found in body cavities
pleura lines walls of thoracic cavity and covers the lungs
peritoneum lines walls of abdominal cavity and cover organs in that cavity
pleurisy inflammation of the pleura
peritonitis inflammation of the peritoneum
mucous membranes line body faces that open directly to the exterior
mucous thick secretion produced by mucous membranes
connective tissue membranes do not contain epithelial components
synovial fluid lubricant produced by connective tissue
epidermis outermost, thinnest layer of the skin
keratin waterproof protein in the skin
melanin brown pigment in the skin
cyanosis bluish gray color of skin, indicated decreased oxygen level
vitiligo patchy light skin areas due to loss of melanocytes
melanocytes pigment cells
dermis deeper layer of skin
striae stretch marks-caused by overstretching of the skin
subcutaneous tissue hypodermis-contains fibrous connective tissue and adipose tissue
sudoriferous glands sweat glands
eccrine sweat glands most numerous, widespread
appocrine sweat glands found in armpits and groin
sebaceous glands secrete oil (sebum)
protection first line of defense provided by skin
papule small, firm raised lesion
plaque larger raised lesion
vesicle blister
crust scab
wheal hive
macule flat, discolered region
excoriation missing epidermis, scratch
ulcer craterlike lesion
fissure deep crack or break in skin
first-degree burn (partial-thickness)-surface layer
second-degree burn (partial-thickness)-deep epidermal layers
third-degree burn (full-thickness)-complete destruction of epidermis and dermis
fourth-degree burn involves muscle and bones
impetigo highly contagious staph or strep infection
tinea fungal infection
warts benign neoplasm caused by papillomavirus
boils furuncles: caused by staph infection in hair follicles
scabies parasitic infection
decubitus ulcers (bedsores)-caused by pressure to local areas of skin
scleroderma characterized by hardening of the skin
psoriasis chronic inflammatory condition, scaly plaques
eczema inflammatory condition; papules, vesicles and crusts
squamous cell carcinoma most common: hard, raised tumors
basal cell carcinoma papules with a central crater, rarely spreads
melanoma malignant mole-most serious
Kaposi sarcoma purple lesions, associated with AIDS
Created by: ddoyon