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Ancient Greek Vocab

Section one (Geography)

WordsDefinitions
Peninsula
Epic
Homer
Acropolis
City state A city with it's own traditions, government and law.
Aristocrat (Aristocracy)
Tyrant (tyranny)
Solon
isthmus (Corinth)
lliad Homer's epic story of the Trojan War
Odyssey
Odyssesus
Achillies
Troy A city-state in Asia Minor that is the rival of the Greeks
Trojan Horse
Agamemnon
Helen
Paris
Priam
Heinrich Schliemann German archaeologist who was said to have discovered the ruins of Troy on the coast of Turkey, and the golden "King Priam's Treasure" in 1873 using Homer's Iliad as a guide.
Menelaus
Hector
Aegean Sea Sea to the east, between Greece and Asia Minor.
Mediterranean Sea The largest sea separates Europe and Africa.
Black Sea Inland sea in SW Eurasia (present day southern Ukraine and Russia).
Sea of Marmara Sea located between the Dardanelles Strait and the Bosporus Strait.
Crete Large island located in the southern Aegean Sea, where the Minoan civilization flourished.
Thera (Santorini) Volcanic island in the Aegean believed by some to have been the site of the legendary lost civilization of Atlantis
Hellespont (Dardanelles Strait) ancient Greek name for Dardanelles, the narrow strait separating Europe and Asia at the northern tip of the Aegean Sea.
Bosporus Strait Strait located at the Northern end of the Sea of Marmara and leading to the Black Sea.
Mt. Olympus (Olympic Mountain) Highest peak in Greece. Mythical home of the Olympic gods (Greek gods)
Gulf of Corinth Narrow body of water to the west of the Isthmus of Corinth, that separates northern Greece from the Peloponnese(southern Peninsula)
Adriatic Sea Sea located between northern Greece and Italy to the west.
Ionian Sea Sea located between southern Greece and Italy to the west.
Asia Minor A peninsula in western Asia, between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea: the site of present-day eastern Turkey
Macedonia
Sicily Large island located off the tip of the Italian peninsula. Both the Spartans and the Athenians fought for control of Sicily because of it's strategic location in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea which made it an important location for trade.
Peloponnesus Large peninsula the forms the southern part of Greece
Knossos Ancient capital of the Minoan culture on the Aegean island of Crete
Minoans Advanced seafaring and trading civilization based on the island of Crete in the southern Aegean Sea.
Mycenaens First great Greek city state that conquered the Minoans
Proximity Related to relative location, it id how near or close a thing or place is to another.
Tribute
Pericles
Parthenon Famous temple of the goddess Athena located on the Acropolis in Athens. One of the Seven wonders of the world
Elgin marbles
caryatids Famous architectural columns sculpted to look like female figures on the Erectheum temple located on the Acropolis.
Socrates
Plato
Aristotle
immortal
philosopher
tragedy
Aristophanes
Themistocles
Olympic Gods
Zeus
Hera
Poseidon
Apollo
Athena
Aphrodite
Hephaestus
Hades
Titans
Cronus
Artemis
Demeter
Dionysus
Hestia
Aries
Hermes
River Styx The Styx was the principal river of the underworld, which had to be crossed to pass to the regions of the dead, called Hades(hell).
Perseus
Oracle of Delphi
Golden Age Period from 479 b.c- 431 b.c when Athens grew rich and powerful from trade and silver; and made amazing achievements in the art, literature philosophy, architecture, and government. Democracy was founded during this period.
democracy a form of government in which the people govern themselves. One person=1 vote. Only Athenian men could vote
drama
Sophocles
Agora
Athens
merchant
amphora
Ode
lyre
amphitheater
Athens Greek city-state where Democracy was founded. Defeated by Sparta in the Peloponnesian Wars. Capital of Modern Greece.
Delian league
Sparta City-state in ancient Greece known for it's warrior culture. Defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War
Peloponnesian War
Silver
tribute
Plague
blockade
Persia
Cyrus
Xerxes
Marathon
Nike
Thermopylae
Leonidas
hoplite(Holon)
phalanx
dory
siphon
Artesian Straits
helot
xenophobia
Salamis
Hellenistic(Hellenism)
assassinate
barbarian
Alexander the Great
Alexandria
Darius
Euclid
Archimedes
Pythagoras
Herodotus
Aristides
Thucydides
Persepolis
Gaugamela
Pythagoras
Herodotus
Aristides
Thucydides
Persepolis
Gaugamela
Ptolemy
Column
Doric
Ionian
Corinthian
cultural diffusion The spreading of ideas or products from one culture to another. Direct diffusion of culture occurs when two distinct cultures are very close together(proximity). Occurred trough trade, intermarriage,and sometimes WARFARE
sirisa
Macedonian Phalanx
Hippocrates
Created by: costabenjamin