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AP MOD. I-Disease

Mechanisms of disease

TermDefinition
health physical, mental, and social well-being
disease an abnormality in body funtion that threatens health
etiology the study of the factors that cause disease
idiopathic refers to a disease withan unknown cause
signs objective abnormalities associated with disease
symptoms subjective abnormalities associated with disease
pathogenesis the pattern of a disease's development
epidemiology study of disease
endemic disease that is native to a local region
epidemic disease that affects many people at the same time
pandemic widespread, global disease
genetic mechanism disease caused by altered or mutated genes
infectious mechanism disease caused by pathogenic organism
neoplastic mechanism disease caused by tumors
traumatic mechanism disease caused by physical and chemical agents
metabolic mechanism disease caused by endocrine imbalances or malnutrition
inflammatory mechanism contains autoimmune and inflammatory responses
autoimmunity immune system attacking the body
inflammatory response speeds recovery from an infection or injury
risk factors predisposing conditions
viruses microscopic parasites
prions pathogenic protein molecules
bacteria tiny cells without nuclei
spores nonreproducing forms of bacteria
fungi simple organisms similar to plants, consume or parasitize other organisms
protozoa infest human fluids and parasitize or destroy cells
nematodes roundworms
platyhelminths flatworms and flukes
arthropods vectors of disease
benign tumors remain localized
mailgnant tumors spread and form secondary tumors
neoplasms tumors
adenoma glandular tumor
lipoma adipose (fat) tumor
osteoma bone tumor
chondroma cartilage tumor
sarcoma connective tissue tumor
lymphoma lymphatic cancer
carcinoma malignant epithelial tumor
melanoma involves melanocytes
adenocarcinoma glandular cancer
osteosarcoma bone cancer
myeloma bone marrow tumor
fibrosarcoma cancer of fibrous tissue
hyperplasia growth of too many cells
anaplasia development of undifferentiated cells
cachexia syndrome including appetite loss, weight loss, and general weakness
inflammatory response signs: redness, heat, swelling, pain
inflammation mediators histamine, prostaglandin, and kinins
chemotaxis attraction of white blood cells to injury site
fever high body temperature
Created by: ddoyon