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World Politics

Frieden/Lake/Schultz World Politics Ch. 5

Alliances Institutions that help their members cooperate militarily in the event of a war
Balance of power A situation in which the military capabilities of two states/groups are roughly equal
Bandwagoning A strategy in which states join forces with the stronger side in a conflict
NATO An alliance formed in 1949 among the USA, Canada, and most of Western Europe in response to the threat of the Soviet Union. An attack on one member of NATO is considered an attack on all members of NATO.
Warsaw Pact A military alliance formed in 1955 to bring together the Soviet Union and its Cold War alliances. Dissolved on 3/31/1991
League of Nations A collective security organization founded in 1919 after WW1. Replaced by the UN in 1949
United Nations Collective security organization founded in 1945 after WW2. Over 190 members, and includes all recognized states.
Collective security organizations Broad-based institutions that promote peace and security among their members. Examples: UN, League of Nations
Genocide Intentional and systematic killing aimed at eliminating an identifiable group of people, like an ethnic/religious group
Humanitarian interventions Interventions designed to relieve humanitarian crises stemming from civil conflict or large scale human rights abuses, including genocide.
Security Council Main governing body of the UN, has the authority to identify threats to international peace/security and prescribe the organization's response, including military/economic sanctions
Permanent five (P5) Five permanent members of the UN Security Council: USA, Great Britain, France, Russia, and China
Veto power The ability to prevent the passage of a measure through a unilateral act, such as a single negative vote.
Peace-enforcement operation A military operation in which force is used to make/enforce peace among warring parties that have not agreed to end their fighting
Peacekeeping operation An operation in which troops/observers are deployed to monitor a ceasefire/peace agreement
Created by: colbyc22