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AP MOD. I-Cells

TermDefinition
plasma membrane outer boundary of cell
cytoplasm internal cell fluid
ribosomes "protein factories" of cell
endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-network of sacs and canals
smooth endopalsmic reticulum syntesizes chemicals, makes new membrane
rough endoplasmic reticulum collects, folds, and transports proteins
golgi apparatus "chemical processing and packaging center" of cell
mitochondria "power plant" of cell, contain DNA
lysosomes "digestive bags" of cell-eat microbes
centrioles paired organelles, function in cell reproduction
microvilli small finger-like extensions, increase surface area
cilia hairlike extensions, move in unison
flagella propel a cell-only example in humans is "taols" of sperm
nucleus control enter of cell-contains DNA
passive transport does not require energy-down the concentration gradient
active transport requires energy from ATP-up the concentration gradient
diffusion passive transport-substances scatter themselves evenly throughout available space
filtration passive transport-movement of water and solutes
osmosis diffusion of water
ion pumps active transport-protein complex
phagocytosis active transport-mechanism that destroys bacteria
pinocytosis active transport-incorporates fluids or dissolved substances into cells
interphase period when cell is not actively dividing
metaphase second stage-chromosomes align across center of cell
prophase first stage-chromosomes appear, cenrioles move away from nucleus
telophase fourth stage-cell division is complete
anaphase third stage-chromosomes pulled to opposite sides of cell
mitosis process of cell division
hypertrophy increase in cell size
atrophy decrease in cell sze
hyperplasia increase in cell production
anaplasia production of abnormal, undifferentiated cells
Created by: ddoyon