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Chapter 3 vocabulary

Culture the way of life that distinguishes a people, for example, government, language, religion, customs, and beliefs
population density the average number of people living in a given area
birthrate the number of live births each year per 1,000 people.
immigrant a person who moves into the country
emigrant a person who leaves the country to live elsewhere
urbanization the growth of city populations.
rural of, or characteristic of, the countreyside
cultural hearth a place in which important ideas begin and thereafter spread to surrounding cultures
cultural convergence the contact and interaction of one culture with another
diffusion the process bt which a cultural element is transmitted from one group or individual to another.
cultural divergence the restriction of a culture from outside influences
sovereignty a country s freedom and power to decide on policies and actions
unitary system a system of government in which one central government holds most of the political power
federation a government structure in which some powers are given to the national government and other powers are reserved for more local governments.
confederation a system of government in which the government controls the means of production determining what goods will be made how much workers will be paid and how much items will cost
authoritarion descriptive of a system of government in which the leaders hold all political power
democracy a system of government in which the people are invested with the power to choose their leaders and determine government policy.
traditional economy an economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use with little surplus and exchange of goods also known as a subsistence economy
comommand economy an economic system that is controlled by a single central government.
traditional economy an economic system in which families produce goods and services for their own use with
market economy an economic system in which decisions about production price and other economic factors are detemined by the law of supply and demand
totalitarianism a system of government in which a central authority controls all aspectsof society
Primary economic activity an economic activity that take or uses natural resources directly such as fishing or mining
subsistence farming farming that provides only enough for the needs of a family or a village
secondary economic activity an economic activity in which people use raw materials to produce or manufacture new products of greater value
cottage industry a small scale manufacturing operation using little technology often located in or neat peoples homes
commercial industry a large scale manufacturing operation that employs many people and produces large quantities of goods
tertiary economic activity
Quaternary economic activity
ecport an item that is sent out of the country for sale
import an item that is brought into the country for sale
natural resoure a material in the natural environment that people value and use to satisfy their needs
renewabale resource
nonrenewable resource a natural resource that cannot be replaced once it is used
fossil fuel any one of several nonrenewable mineral resources formed from the remains of ancient plants and animals and used for fuel
nuclear energy a type of energy produced by fission the splitting of uranium atoms in a nuclear reactor releasing stored energy
water power
geothermal energy energy produced from the earths intense interior heat
solar energy energy produced by the sun
Created by: Tommy Jay



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