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Test 1 Part 1

GEOG 1303- LSC- Montgomery- Prof. Gary Brown

What is geography? Spacial science- Where things are and why they are there. GEO-Greek Grapitios- Greek means to write about or describe. Graphein- German
Who made the earliest contributions to geography? The Greeks; they studied the Earth and sun relationship, attempting to draw maps.
What are the 4 traditional areas of study for modern geography? Locational (Spatial)- Where and why? Man-land (Culture environment)- Religions, Political systems, Lang., Population Area Studies (World Regional Geog.)-People, economies, physical geog., resources Earth Studies - Physical earth, weather, climate etc
What are traditional career areas for geography? Education, Market analysts, urban or regional planners, cartographers, environmental impact analysts, national security, GEOGRAPHIC INFO SYSTEMS
What is GIS? And why is this important? Lets us visualize, question, analyze, interpret, and understand data to reveal relationships, patterns, and trends. It allows us to apply this new knowledge to the way we design, plan, and change our world
Examples of Geography and its disciplinary neighbors. Population, behavioral, economic, political, historical are types of Human geog. Comp. science, engineering, and statistics are Geographic techniques. Geology, meteorology, biology, are types of Physical geog.
What is the new nomenclature for describing the groupings of countries based on their economic development? Industrialized, transitional, newly industrializing, and less industrialized.
What are the three "revolutions" mentioned in the text? How do they differ? Agricultural (10,000 BC), Industrial (1650 AD- 1750), and Information (Now). Ag to industry was the change from animate energy to inanimate. For example, the horse and buggy to the motorized car. Now we have Hybrid cars.
Crude birth rate (CBR) The number of live births per 1,000 population.
Crude death rate (CDR) Number of deaths per 1,000 population.
Rate of natural increase (NR) CBR minus CDR...This will be higher in Third World.
Total fertility rate (TFR) The average number of children that would be born to each woman if, during her childbearing years, she bore children at the current year's rate for women that age.
Replacement level (from TFR) The number of children per family just sufficient to keep the total population constant. It is calculated to be between 2.1 and 3.0. Any situation over 3.0 would be considered over population, while a figure below 2.0 leads to eventual ZPG- zero pop grth
Carrying capacity The numbers of any population that can be adequately supported by the available resources upon which that population subsists. Earth can support 8-11 billion people.
Crude (arithmetic) density the number of people per unit of land
Physiological density the number of persons per unit area of arable or agricultural land. (Some land is uninhabitable)
Infant mortality rate (IMR) measures the ratio of deaths of infants one year or less per 1,000 live births. This is a telling indicator of a quality of life.
Dependency ratio indicates the number of dependents, old and young (>65 and <16), that each 100 in the productive years, on average, must support.
Population pyramid graphic depiction of the age and sex composition of a population
Demographic equation summarizes the contribution made to regional population change over time by the combination of natural change (difference between births and deaths) and net migration (difference between in-migration and out-migration).
Created by: 1352660858



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