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AP MOD.II-Metabolism

Nutrition and Metabolism

TermDefinition
metabolism process of using nutrient molecules as energy sources
catabolism process of breaking nutrients down to release energy-uses oxygen
anabolism process of building nutrients up
vitamins organic molecules needed for normal metabolism
avitaminosis deficiency of a vitamin
scurvy vitamin C deficiency
minerals inorganis molecules
basal metabolic rate (BMR)-rate of metabolism when body is resting
total metabolic rate (TMR)-total amounts of energy (calories) used by body per day
anorexia nervosa behavioral disorder characterized by chronic refusal to eat
bulimia behavioral disorder of craving food then self-denial
obesity abnormally high body fat
protein-calorie malnutrition (PCM)-deficiency of calories and protein
marasmus condition caused by lack of calories
kwashiorkor condition caused by protein deficiency despite adequate calories
fever high body temperature
mailgnant hyperthermia inherited condition that causes increased body temperature under anesthesia
heat exhaustion overheating problem in which body is dehydrated but body temperature is normal
heatstroke potentially life-threatening condition of overheating of body
hypothermia a body temperature lower than 95 degrees
frostbite local tissue damage caused by extreme cold
Created by: ddoyon