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AP MOD. II-Digestive

TermDefinition
leukoplakia precancerous condition on mouth tissue
snuff dipper's pouch caused by use of chewing tobacco
squamous cell carcinoma most common form of mouth cancer
dental caries cavities-tooth disease
gingivitis gum inflammation or infection
thrush oral candidiasis-yeastlike fungal infection
periodontitis inflammation of periodontal membrane
salivary amylase digestive enzyme that begins chemical digestion of carbohydrates
pharynx throat
GERD gastroesophageal reflux disease-backflow of stomach contents into esophagus
pylorospasm abnormal spasms of pyloric sphincter common in infants
ulcer open wound in duodenum or stomach
enteritis intestinal inflammtion
gastroenteritis inflammation of stomach and intestines
malabsorption syndrome failure to absorb nutrients properly
hepatic duct drains bile from liver
cystic duct bile enters and leaves the gallbladder
common bile duct drains bile from hepatic or cystic ducts into duodenum
gallbladder stores bile
cholelithiasis condition of having gallstones
cholecystitis inflammation of the gallbladder
hepatitis liver inflammation
cirrhosis degeneration of liver tissue
portal hypertension high blood pressure in hepatic portal veins
pancreatitis inflammation of the pancreas
cystic fibrosis inherited disease which causes abnormally thick secretions that block the flow of pancreatic juice
diverticulitis inflammation of diverticuli of large intestine
colitis inflammatory condtion of large intestine
appendicitis inflammation of infection of the appendix
peritonitis inflammation of peritoneum from infection
ascites abnormal accumulation of fluid in peritoneal space causeing bloating of abdomen
mechanical digestion chewing, swallowing, and peristalysis of food
chemical digestion breakdown of nutrients by digestive enzymes
enzymes protein molecules that speed up chemical digestion
pancreatic amylase changes starches to maltose
maltase changes maltose to glucose
sucrase changes sucrose to glucose
lactase changes lactose to glucose
protein digestion stars in stomach, completes in small intestine
carbohydrate digestion in small intestine
pepsin gastric juice enzyme that partially digests proteins
trypsin pancreatic enzyme that digests proteins into amino acids
absorption digested nutrients moves from intestine into blood or lymph
Created by: ddoyon