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Factors in Health and Disease environment,personal health habits, hereditary, patient education
Maslow,s Hierarchy of Needs a progression from simple to more complex needs.
Six Elements Must Be Present for Infection to Occur infectious agent, reservoir, exit route, method of transportation, entrance route, host.
Microbes Living Things Too Small to Be Seen to Make Eye
Pathogen a microbe that is capable of a disease
Infectious Agent bacterium, virus, fungus, parasite.
Reservoir Harbors and Promotes Growth of Microorganisms
What Can Be a Reservoir Infected Person, Infected Animal
What Can Be a Carrier Soiled Dressing,urinary drainage Bag, Contaminated Linen or Clothing
Exit Route/Forms of mouth, nose, respiratory secretion, saliva, feces, urine, mucus, blood, and other secretions
Breaking the Cycle of Infection at the Exit Route Handwashing
Method of Transmission Fomite, Vector
formite nonliving object stethoscope, thermometer, bandage scissors
Vector Living Carrier
How Do Airborne Pathogens Travel dust particles, spores, tiny droplets, lingering in the air
How Far Can Droplets Travel up to 3 feet, fall out of the air
types of direct contact for vectors direct contact needle sticks and the four F's food fingers feces fomites
Areas of Entry for Pathogens broken skin wound, surgical wound,invasive lines, eyes, nose
immunizations provides additional protection against infectious disease
Factors Affecting Resistance age, stress, emotional factors, nutritional status, personal habits, hereditary,
disease process Environmental Factors medical therapies, steroids, antibiotics, cancer treatments, organ transplant anti-rejection drugs
Diseases Transmitted by Airborne Pathogens flu, colds, tuberculosis, measles, diphtheria, chickenpox, mumps, fifth disease, strip, staff, chickenpox, hemorrhoid virus
Breaking the Cycle of Infection handwashing is the single most important means of preventing The Spread of Infection
Created by: shay7777