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Chapter 2


acute illness an illness that develops suddenly and resolves in a short time
adaptation adjustment in structure or habits
asymptomatic without symptoms
autonomic not subjective or voluntary control
chronic illness illness that develops slowly over a long period and lasts throughout life
congenital condition present before or at birth
convalescence the process of recovering after an illness and regaining health
coping adjusting to or adapting to challenges
defense mechanisms strategies used to protect us from increasing anxiety
disease a pathological process with a definite set of signs and symptoms; disease causing illness
etiology study of the cause of disease;origin
health the state of functioning well physically and mentally and expressing the full range of ones potential
hierarchy the arrangement of objects, elements, or values in a graduated series
holistic approach to health care that considers the biological, psychological, sociological, and spiritual aspects and needs of the person
homeostasis a tendency of biological systems to maintain stability in their internal environment while continually adjusting to changes necessary for survival.
idiopathic of unknown origin
illness disease of body and mind
maladaptation lack of adjustment
primary illness illness that develops without being caused by another health problem
secondary illness illness that results from or is caused by a primary illness. diabetes comes with other health problems. other health problems are secondary and diabetes is primary
self-actualization reaching ones full potential
stress the sum of biological reactions that take place in response to any adverse stimulus
stressor adverse stimulus
subjective perceived only by the person; not perceptible to the senses of others
terminal illness illness for which no cure is available; it ends in death, usually within a short period of time
wellness a dynamic and active movement toward fulfillment of ones potential
Created by: adela martinez