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city state a city that functions much like an independent country.
tyrant powerful individuals who gained control of a city-states government by appealing to the poor for support
trireme strong wooden ships built with battering ram in front
myth a traditional story about gods ancestors, or heroes. told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society
Iliad poem written by homer telling the tale of how the Greeks and Trojans battled for 10 years after pairs stole Helen away from Menelaus
odyssey poem written by homer telling the story of Odysseus return from the Trojan wars to his home in Ithaca
royal road a road in the Persian empire, stretching 1600 miles from susa in Persia to sardis in antatolia. road was 1677 miles in length. there were 111 post or relay stations spaced about 15 miles apart along the road.
phalanx a military formation where soldiers fought shoulder to shoulder and shield to shield for protection.
Thermopylae mountain pass where 300 spartan soldiers held off thousands of Persian soldiers during the Persian wars. also called the hot gates.
marathon marshy plain where the Athenians successfully defeated an invading Persian force during the Persian wars. also origin of marathon run due to messenger Philippines.
Hoplite name of the soldiers used in the battle of marathon
Acropolis fortified hilltop
Monarchy a government ruled by a king or queen
oligarchy a government in which power is in the hands of a few people- especially one in which rule is based on wealth
Democracy a government controlled by its citizens
Aristocracy a government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility
Philosopher a thinker who uses logic and reason to investigate the nature of the universe, human society, and morality; also known as lover of wisdom
Hellenism blending of Greek, Macedonian, Persian, Egyptian, and Indian cultures due to Alexanders conquests
Colossus of Rhodes an enormous bronze, Hellenistic statue that formerly stood near the harbor of Rhodes. At 100 ft tall it was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient world.
Created by: makenzib