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World Politics

Frieden/Lake/Schultz World Politics Ch. 3

TermDefinition
War An event involving the organized use of military forces by at least 2 parties that satisfies some minimum threshold of security
Interstate War A war in which the main participants are states
Civil War A war in which the main participants are within the same state, such as the gov't and a rebel group
Crisis Bargaining A bargaining interaction in which at least one actor threatens to use force in the case of none of its demands being met
Coercive diplomacy The use of threats to influence the outcome of a bargaining interaction
Bargaining Range The set of deals that both parties in a bargaining interaction prefer to the reversion outcome. When the reversion outcome is war, the bargaining range is the set of deals that both sides prefer to war.
Compellence An effort to change the status quo through the threat of force.
Deterrence An effort to preserve the status quo through the use of force
Incomplete information A situtation in which parties in a strategic interaction lack info about other parties' interests/capabilities
Resolve The willingness of an actor to endure costs in order to acquire some good
Risk-return trade-off In crisis bargaining, the trade-off between trying to get a better deal and avoid war
Credibility Believability. A credible threat is a threat which the recipients believe will be carried out.
Brinksmanship A strategy in which adversaries take actions that increase the risk of accidental war, with the hope that the other will concede first.
Audience costs Negative repercussions for failing to follow through on a threat or to honor a commitment.
Preventive war A war fought with the intent of preventing an adversary from becoming stronger in the future. caused by the fact that powerful states cannot commit to exploit that power in the future.
First-strike advantage Situation in which technology, terrain, etc give significant advantages to whichever side attacks first in a war
Preemptive war A war fought with the idea that an attack from the other side is imminent
Indivisible good A good which cannot be divided without diminishing its value
Created by: colbyc22