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City-State A city that functions much like an independent country.
Tyrant Powerful individuals who gained control of a city-states government by appealing to the poor for support.
Trireme Strong wooden ships built with battering ram in front.
Myth A traditional story about gods, ancestors, or heroes, told to explain the natural world or the customs and beliefs of a society.
Lliad Poem written by Homer telling the tale of how the Greeks and Trojans battled for 10 years after Paris stole Helen away from Menalaus.
Odyssey Poem written by Homer telling the story of Odysseus' return from the Trojan Wars to his home in Ithaca.
Royal Road A road in the Persian Empire stretching 1,600 miles from Susa in Persia to Sardis in Anatolia,it was 1677 miles in length
Phalanx A military formation where soldiers fought shoulder to shoulder and shield to shield for protection.
Thermopylae Mountain pass where 300 Spartan soldiers held off thousands of Persian soldiers during the Persian Wars. Also called The Hot Gates.
marathon Marshy plain where the Athenians successfully defeated an invading Persian force during the Persian Wars. Also origin of Marathon run due to messenger Pheidippides.
Hoplite Name of the soldiers used in the battle of Marathon.
Acropolis Fortified hilltop.
Monarchy A government ruled by a king or queen.
democracy A government controlled by its citizens.
oligarchy A government in which power is in the hands of a few people – especially one in which rule is based on wealth.
aristocracy A government in which power is in the hands of a hereditary ruling class or nobility.
philosopher A thinker who uses logic and reason to investigate the nature of the universe, human society, and morality; also known as lover of wisdom.
hellenism Blending of Greek, Macedonian, Persian, Egyptian, and Indian cultures due to Alexander’s conquests.
colossus of Rhodes An enormous bronze, Hellenistic statue that formerly stood near the harbor of Rhodes. At 100 ft tall it was one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.
Created by: makenzi