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Head Migration Vocab

Mr. Head's Migration Vocabulary

Internal Migration Moving to a new home within a state, country, or continent.
External Migration Moving to a new home in a different state, country, or continent.
Emigration Leaving one country to move to another (e.g., the Pilgrims emigrated from England).
Immigration Moving into a new country (e.g., the Pilgrims immigrated to America).
Population Transfer When a government forces a large group of people out of a region, usually based on ethnicity or religion. This is also known as an involuntary or forced migration.
Impelled Migration (also called "reluctant" or "imposed" migration) Individuals are not forced out of their country, but leave because of unfavorable situations such as warfare, political problems, or religious persecution.
Step Migration A series of shorter, less extreme migrations from a person's place of origin to final destination—such as moving from a farm, to a village, to a town, and finally to a city.
Chain Migration A series of migrations within a family or defined group of people. A chain migration often begins with one family member who sends money to bring other family members to the new location. Chain migration results in migration fields—the clustering of peopl
Return Migration The voluntary movements of immigrants back to their place of origin. This is also known as circular migration.
Seasonal Migration The process of moving for a period of time in response to labor or climate conditions (e.g., farm workers following crop harvests or working in cities off-season; "snowbirds" moving to the southern and southwestern United States during winter).
Emigrant A person who is leaving a country to reside in another.
Immigrant A person who is entering a country from another to take up new residence.
Refugee A person who is residing outside the country of his or her origin due to fear of persecution for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.
Internally Displaced Person (IDP) A person who is forced to leave his or her home region because of unfavorable conditions (political, social, environmental, etc.) but does not cross any boundaries.
Migration Stream A group migration from a particular country, region, or city to a certain destination.
Push Factors Reasons for emigrating (leaving a place) because of a difficulty (such as a food shortage, war, flood, etc.).
Pull Factors Reasons for immigrating (moving into a place) because of something desirable (such as a nicer climate, better food supply, freedom, etc.).
Place Utility The desirability of a place based on its social, economic, or environmental situation, often used to compare the value of living in different locations. An individual’s idea of place utility may or may not reflect the actual conditions of that location.
Intervening Opportunities Opportunities nearby are usually considered more attractive than equal or slightly better opportunities farther away, so migrants tend to settle in a location closer to their point of origin if other factors are equal.
Distance Decay As distance from a given location increases, understanding of that location decreases. People are more likely to settle in a (closer) place about which they have more knowledge than in a (farther) place about which they know and understand little.
Diffusion The process through which certain characteristics (e.g., cultural traits, ideas, disease) spread over space and through time.
Relocation Diffusion Ideas, cultural traits, etc. that move with people from one place to another and do not remain in the point of origin.
Expansion Diffusion Ideas, cultural traits, etc., that move with people from one place to another but are not lost at the point of origin, such as language.
Cultural markers Structures or artifacts (e.g., buildings, spiritual places, architectural styles, signs, etc.) that reflect the cultures and histories of those who constructed or occupy them.
In-migration people moving into one place from another place within a nation (internal migration).
Out-migration people moving out of one place to another place within a nation (internal migration).
Gross migration total number of in-migrants and out-migrants (internal migration).
Net internal migration the difference between in-migration and out-migration.
Movers from abroad people coming into a nation from another country or part of the world.
Net migration the difference between net internal migration and movers from abroad.
Created by: headache62