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substance related

Substance related disorders are composed of what two groups dependence/abuse and substance-induced disorders (intoxication, withdrawal,delirium,dementia,amnesia,psychosis,mood disorder,anxiety disorder,sexual dysfunction and sleep disorders.
Give an example of a CNS stimulant Amphetamines
Give an example of a CNS depressant Sedatives, tranquilizers
a higher prevalence of substance use occurs between the ages of.. 18 and 24 and more commonly in men than in women.
define substance abuse the maladaptive pattern of substance use leading to clinically significant imairment or distress.
Define abuse to use wrongfully or in a harmful way. improper treatment or conduct that my result in injury
Physical dependence is evidenced by a cluster of congnitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms indicating individuals use despite of substance abuse problems
The development of physical dependence is prompted by the phenomenon of Tolerance
Define Tolerance The need for increasingly larger or more frequent doses of a substance in order to obtain the desired effects.
psychological dependence overwhelming desire to repeat thhe use of a particular drug to produce pleasure or avoid discomfort
Define substance intoxication the development of a reversible substance specific syndrome caused by recent ingestion.
Define Intoxication a physical and mental state of exhilaration and emotional frenzy or lethargy and stupor
Define Withdrawal the physiological and mental readjustment that accompanies the discontinuation of an addictive substance.
True or False: There is an apparent hereditary factor involved in the development of substance abuse True: especially evident in alcholism
The psychodynamic approach to the etiology of substance abuse focuses on a puitive superego and fixation at the oral stage of psychosexual development
There is an high incidence of alcohol dependency within what culture Native Americans
Alcohol is classified as a food because what It contains calories
alcohol exerts what effect on the CNS depressant. resulting in behavioral and mood changes.
legally intoxicated blood levels 0.08 to 0.10 percent
alcoholism is the third leading cause of preventable death in the U.S
prealcoholic phase use of alcohol to relieve the everyday stress and tention of life. Tolerance develops and the amount required to achieve the desired effect increases steadily
Earlyy alcoholic phase begins with blackouts, brief periods of amnesia that occur during or immediatley following a period of drinking. no longer source of pleasure more a need.
the crucial phase individula has lost control, physiological dependence is clearly evident, binge drinking, anger and aggression
Chronic phase emotional and physical disintegration. profound helplessness and self pity. psychosis. Not drinking results in hallucinations,tremors,convulsions,severe agitation and panic.
What effects can alcohol have on the body general,nonselective,reversile depression of the CNS. slows down or depressing brain activity
When alcohol is sipped rather than gulped alcohol absorption is delayed
At low doses alcohol produces relaxation,loss of inhibitions,lack of concentration,drowsiness,slurred speech, and sleep
Deficiencies of thiamine can result in peripheral neuropathy or nerve damage (common in alcoholics)
alcohol has toxic effects that results in malabsorption of nutrients
acute condition of sudden onset of muscle pain,swelling, and weakness alcoholic myopathy
alcoholic myopaty is thought to result from vitamin B deficiency (thiamin)
Created by: Booschick