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Chapter 5: Infection

Infection Control: Practices and Principles

QuestionAnswer
a disease that breaks down bodies immune system. Aids is caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) acquired immune deficiency syndrome
immunity that the body develops by overcoming a disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccination), or through exposure to natural allergens, such as pollen, cat dander and ragweed acquired immunity
reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemical, or other normally harmless substances allergy
chemical germicides formulated for use on skin; registered and regulated by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) antiseptics
showing no signs of infection asymptomatic
short rod-shaped bacteria. Most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus, typhoid fever and diphtheria bacilli
one-celled microorganism that has both plant and animal characteristics bacteria
bacteria is also known as germs
capable of destroying bacteria bactericidal
division of bacteria cells into two new cells called daughter cells binary fission
number of visible organisms in or on an object or surface or object before decontamination or sterilization bio-burden
disease-causing microorganisms carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as HIV and hepatitis blood borne pathogens
detergents that break down stubborn films and removes residue of pedicure products such as scrubs, salts, and masks chelating soaps
mechanical process (scrubbing) using soap and water or detergent to remove all visible dirt, debris and many disease causing germs clean or cleaning
round-shape bacteria that appears singly or in groups cocci
three types of bacteria are staphylococci, streptococci and diplococci
also known as communicable disease contagious disease
disease that spreads from one person to another contagious disease
presence of blood or other potential materials on an items surface contamination
removal of blood or other potentially infectious materials on an items surface and removal of visible debris decontamination
determine the nature of the disease from its symptoms diagnosis
can a cosmetologist diagnosis a disease of a client NO
spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause pneumonia diplococci
transmission of blood or body fluids through touching, kissing, coughing, sneezing, and talking direct transmission
abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable of carrying on normal function disease
chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but not spores) on surfaces disinfectants
chemical process that uses specific products to destroy harmful organisms (except bacterial spores) on environmental surfaces disinfection
ability to produce an effect efficacy
contact with non intact (broken) skin, blood, body fluid or other potentially infectious material that is the result of the performance of an employee's duties exposure incident
slender, hairlike extensions used by bacilli and spirilla for locomotion (moving about) flagella
microscopic plant parasites , which include molds, mildews, and yeasts; can produce contagious disease fungi/fungus
capable of destroying fungi fungicidal
blood borne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver hepatitis
disinfectants that are effective for cleaning blood and body fluids hospital disinfectants
HIV; virus that causes acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) human immunodeficiency virus
HPV; also known as plantar warts; a virus that can infect the bottom of the foot and resembles small black dots, usually in clustered groups human papilloma virus (HVP)
ability for the body to destroy and resist infection immunity
transmission of blood or body fluids through contact with a intermediate contaminated object such as a razor, extractor, or nipper on an environmental surface indirect transmission
invasion of body tissues by disease-causing pathogens infection
methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organism infection control
caused by or capable of being transmitted by infection infectious
disease caused by pathogenic microorganisms that enter the body infectious disease
condition in which the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection; redness, heat, pain, and swelling inflammation
infection such as a pimple is known as what kind of infection local infection
information compiled by the manufacturer about product safety ect... Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
type of infectious bacteria that is highly resistant to conventional treatments such as antibiotics Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size microorganism
type of fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects, but does not cause human infections in the salon mildew
self-movement motility
Known as reusable; items that can be cleaned, disinfected, and used on more then one person multi-use
microscopic germ that normally exists in tap water ins small number mycobacterium fortuitum
immunity that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living natural immunity
harmless microorganisms non-pathogenic
an item that is made or constructed of a material that has no pores or openings and can not absorb liquids non porous
illness resulting from conditions associated with employment, such as prolonged and repeated overexposure to certain products or ingredients occupational disease
organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism; and needs a host to survive parasite
disease caused by parasites, such as lice and mites parasitic disease
harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body pathogenic
powerful tuberculocidal disinfectant phenolic disinfectants
made or constructed of a material that has pores or openings porous
fluid created by infection pus
also known as quats; disinfectants that are very effective when used properly in the salon quaternary ammonium compounds
also known as sanitizing; a chemical process for reducing the number of disease-causing germs on cleaned surfaces to a safe level sanitation
contagious skin disease that is caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin scabies
also known as disposable; items that cannot be used more than once single-use
common household bleach; and effective disinfectants for the salon sodium hypochlorite
spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria that cause diseases such as syphilis and Lyme Disease spirilla
pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like a bunch of grapes; and cause abscesses, pustules and boils staphylococci
process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores sterilization
pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads; causes infections such as strep throat and blood poisoning streptococci
disease that affects the body as a whole systemic disease
also known as barber itch; and limited to the beard area of the face, neck and around the scalp tinea barbae
fungal infection of the scalp, red papules, or spots, at the opening of the hair follicle tinea capitis
a ringworm fungus of the foot tinea pedis
various poisonous substances produced by some microorganisms toxins
disinfectants that kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis tuberculocidal disinfectants
disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing or sneezing tuberculosis
set of guidelines published by OSHA that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blood and body fluids are infectious for blood borne pathogens universal precautions
capable of destroying viruses virucidal
parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in cells of biological organisms virus
Created by: ccecosmetology