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Music History

It's language, history, culture

Sound is a ______ it has all the properties of a _______, these are: frequency (pitch), amplitude (dynamic), wave form (timbre) and duration (duration). Wave, wave
The four elements in sound are _______, ______, _______, and ________. Frequency, amplitude, wave form and duration
Sound is comprised of 4 musical terms: _____, _____, ______, and _____. Pitch, dynamics, timbre, duration
Frequency or pitch is what we _____ best Hear
The ability to distinguish _____ varies from people to people. Just as some people are not able to distinguishing different colors. Pitch
Those who are gifted at recognizing specific pitches are said to have _____ _______ Perfect pitch
Amplitude is the amount of _______ contained the sound wave being perceived as either _____ or ______. Energy, loud, soft
Wave form determines the tone color or ______ Timbre
________ helps us tell the difference between the sound produced by a voice, a guitar and a saxophone. Even if they are playing at the same _______. Timbre, frequency
We perceive _______ as long or short. Several _______ one after the other create rhythm. Duration, durations
Every sound has a its ______ ________ which we perceive as long or short. Unique duration
Several durations one after the other create _______ Rhythm
Duration is comprised of three elements: Rhythm, meter, pitch
The attack points of a sequence is known as _____ Rhythm
Organization of time in which beats are arranged into recurring groups of two's and three's or some combination is know as ______. Meter
The irregular or unexpected stress in rhythmic flow is _______. syncopation
______ refers to the location of a musical sound in terms of high or low. Pitch
_______ is determined by the length and thickness of a vibrating object. Frequency
Thicker objects have ________ vibrations and thinner object have ______ vibrations. Shorter, longer
Men's vocal chords are generally _______ and _______ than women and children. Shorter, thinner
A _______ is a an arrangement of pitch material from high to low or vice versa. Scale
Each element of a scale is called a ______ and the distance between steps is called an ______ Step, interval
The position of whole and half steps in ascending or descending of tones determines the _______. Mode
_______ ______ is made up of five whole steps and two half steps. Depending where these two half steps are placed will determine the ______. Diatonic scale, mode
_________ __________ is comprised of a five- note scale that has three whole tones and tow half tones. Pentatonic scale
The starting pitch of a scale is called a ________or a keynote. Tonic
______ is the combination tonic and scale type. Key
The combination of scale type and tonic form the ______. Key
A ______is a succession of musical tones that make up a meaningful whole. Melody
If a melody moves moves in stepwise motion it is said to have a smooth contour and is called ______. When a melody is not smooth and has leaps it said to be __________. Conjunct, disjunct
Melodies may be designed like sentences falling into clauses and ______. Phrases
The termination of a musical phrase is called a ________. Cadence
A ______ ________ functions like a period. A _____ _______ functions like a comma. Full cadence, half cadence
_______ refers to how many layers of sound are heard. Texture
A texture of a single melodic line unaccompanied is called ________. Monophony
Monophony becomes __________ when spontaneous variation by two or more performers who produce a different variation of the same melody. Hetrophony
The simultaneous combination of two or more independent melodies are called ______. Two or more simultaneous rhythmic lines is called ________. Polyphony, polyrhythmic
If a texture has one dominant melody with an accompaniment it is called ______. Homophony
_______ refers to the conduct of simultaneous sounding melodic lines one against the other . Counterpoint
Rhythmic counterpoint is the unfolding of rhythmic parts in order to form _______. Polyrhythmic textures
Counterpoint is to linear melodic events as ________is to vertical combinations. Harmony
Tone color or _____ is the distinctive quality of a voice or instrument. Timbre
Tone color is a result of a musical phenomenon called ________. Overtones
_______ is the interaction of a melody, rhythm, texture, and harmony of a musical piece. Form
Alphabets were used to identify ________ or sections : AA indicates _______, AB ________ , ABCD ________ ________, ABA______, and ABACA_______, ________ and ________. Phrases, repetition, contrast, continuous structure, return, repetition, contrast, return
A canon is what musical texture _________. Polyphony
__________ produce sound by air. Aerophones
________ produces sound by strings. Chordophones
_________ produce sound by a stretched membrane (ie. durm) Membranophones
___________ is produced from the body of the instrument. Idiophones
___________ produce sound from electrical sources Electrophones
_________ is long and short articulations. Rhythm
AABABA is known as _______ _______ Bridge Form
A pulse is a ______. Beat
_________ is a regular pattern of accents in music. Meter
________ is another word for three part form Ternary
______ ______ is an example of 3/4 time Compound beat
_______ _______ is an example 2/4 time Simple beat
Created by: 526208522