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Forensics Q1

Chapter 1

forensic study & application of science to law
DNA First used in court in 1987
Observation what a person perceives using his or her senses
Fallacy a mistake, belief error, delusion
Exonerate to release someone from duty or an obligation
Law statement or assertion of info. that can be verified
Opinion personal belief founded on judgement rather than on direct experience or knowledge
Direct Evidence a statement under oath said in court by a competent witness
Pathology study of diseases & injuries
Odontology study of teeth & bite marks
Entomology study of insects
Serology study of bodily fluids
Ballistics study of motion, behavior and effects of projectiles
Document Examination handwriting analysis
Poreoscopy study of fingerprints
Anthropology study of skeletal remains
Polygraph study of lie detection
Toxicology drug analysis
Psychiatry study relation btwn human behavior & legal proceedings
Forensics investigation- What are the 3 steps 1. Observe- Identify evidence 2. Interpret- determine the significance of evidence 3. Report- recreating the events
What is the Innocence Project? legal organization that freed wrongfully convicted people through DNA use
What are 3 facts of the Innocence Project? 1. Freed 311 people 2. 70% of people are wrongfully convicted 3. They served an average of 13 years in jail
What do your observations depend on? 1.Level of interest 2.amount of kind of distraction presented 3. personal beliefs 4.concentration 5.prejudice 6. motives
What is the Innocent Bystander Effect? if there are a large number of people and a crime is being committed they are less likely to call the police because they believe others already did or might
What are the 5 Important points to consider with eyewitness testimonies? 1. Type of Crime & How Witness Saw It 2.Characteristics of Witness/Victims 3.Interviewing Techniques 4.Relationship btwn the witness & accused 5. Time Passed
A Forensic scientist is called to court of law to provide? a. judgement b. fact c.opinion d.reflection B. Fact
Our state of mind affects how we observe our surroundings. What metal state is the best for observing? a.happy b.nervous c.relaxed d.excited C. Relaxed
Created by: 100000033515053