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Bio Ch 1 & 17

Mrs. Janssen's Chapter 1 & 17 Test

QuestionAnswer
Study of living things. biology
Scientist who studies living things. biologist
Any living thing. organism
Arranged in an orderly way organization
Smallest level in taxonomic classification. species
Adding mass to an organism. growth
Learning that takes place in an organism. development
Production of offspring. reproduction
The cause of a reaction, the thing that happens. stimulus
The reaction. response
Maintaining a stable internal environment. homeostasis
A change in an organism over time that makes it better able to survive. adaptation
Body of knowledge based on the study of nature. science
Explanation of natural phenomena supported by many observations & experiments. theory
Process by which scientists review each others' experiments and research. peer review
System of measurements that uses units with divisions that are powers of ten. metric system
International system of units. SI
Field of study that applies science to matters of legal interest (crimes). forensics
Set of moral principles or values. ethics
The application of scientific knowledge to solve human needs and extend human capabilities. technology
Which scientist developed methods to separate blood components and safely store and transport blood for transfusions during and after WWII? Dr. Charles Drew
Basic unit of life. cell
Organisms that are made up of only one cell unicellular
Organisms that are made up of more than one cell multicellular
What do living things need to fuel their life functions? energy
occurs in all living things homeostasis
An area of study that tried to imitate science pseudoscience
Grouping of organisms based on certain criteria classification
The science of classifying organisms. taxonomy
Scientific name that has two parts. binomial nomenclature
A named group of organisms. taxon
Which word in binomial nomenclature is capitalized? First
Which scientist developed the first system of biological classification? Aristotle
Which scientist developed the system of classifying organisms & used binomial nomenclature? Linnaeus
Which language is the basis for binomial nomenclature? Latin
The broadest category in the classification system domain
Which domain contains the bacteria that are ancient and live in extreme environments? archae
Cells that have no nucleus. prokaryotes
Cells that have a nucleus. eukaryotes
Organisms that make their own food. autotrophs
Organisms that do not make their own food. heterotrophs
the exception to the rules, not placed in the scientific classification system. viruses
a series of questions arranged in pairs that help identify organisms based on their physical characteristics. dichotomus key
Created by: jjanssen33