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Drug Classifications

Anhibitor Inhibits conversion of angiotensin 1 to angiotensin 2, a potent vasoconstrictor, i.e. relaxation of the blood vessels occur
Aminoglycoside Used to treat serious infections by inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis by binding to ribosomal subunits. Dose to be adjusted according to plasma concentrations in the blood.
Analgesic Used to relieve pain. Suppresses pain without rendering the patient unconscious
Anesthetic Reduces or eliminate pain, general, or topical
Anorexiant Used to decrease appetite
Antiacid Neutralizes excess gastric acid
Anthelmintic Eradicates intestinal worms
Anti-acne Controls acne vulgaris
Antianginal Dilates blood vessels; used to treat angina pectoris, pain in the chest
Antianxiety Used in the treatment of anxiety disorders that do not require excessive sedation
Antiarrhythmic Drugs used to treat irregular heart rhythms. Depresses the action of the heart to combat irregularities in its rhythm.
Antiarthrtic Reduces inflammation of joints
Antibacterial Destructive or preventing bacterial growth. Kills bacterial (topical)
Antibiotic Drugs used to destroy microorganisms. Kills bacteria and prevents infection.
Anticholesterol Lowers cholesterol
Anticholinergic Drugs that are antagonistic to the action of parasympathetic or other cholinergic nerve fibers
Anticoagulant Slows clotting of blood to prevent blood clots formation in the treatment of thrombosis and embolism
Anticonvulsant Prevents or arrests seizures
Antidepressant Agent in treating depression classified as SSRI's, TCA's, MAOI's
Antidiabetic Used to treat diabetes
Antidiarrhal Used to treat diarrhea
Antidiuretic Reduces volume of urine production
Antidote Neutralizes a poison or counteracts its effects
Antiemetic Drugs that treat the urge to vomit
Antiepileptic Prevents epileptic seizures
Antiflatulent Reduces gastrointestinal gas
Antifungal Destroys fungi or inhibits its growth. Eradicates or suppresses fungi
Antigout Drugs used in the treatment of the inflammatory joint condition, Gout
Antihemophilic Allows blood to clot for the treatment of a clotting disorder
Antihistamine For treatment of allergies. Drug that act to respond to the release of histamine that occurs with an implicated anaphylactic reaction.
Antihyperlipidemic Drugs used to lower high levels of cholesterol
Antihypertensive Used to reduce a sustained elevation in blood pressure
Anti-Infective Used to treat disease produced by microorganism such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and parasites. Kills microorganisms and sterilizes wounds
Anti-Inflammatory Reduces inflammation
Antimigraine Used to treat migraine headaches
Antineoplastic Attacks and destroys malignant cells
Anti-Parkinson's Used to treat Parkinson's disease
Antiplatelet Prevents clotting
Antiprotozoal Prevents protazoa
Antipruritic Suppresses itching
Antipsychotic Reduces symptoms of hallucinations, delusions, and thought disorders. Primary indication for use is schizophrenia
Antipyretic Reduces fever
Antiretroviral Attacks any virus or the family Retroviridae
Antispasmodic Prevents or alleviates muscles cramps
Antitubercular Used to treat TB
Antitussive Suppresses coughing
Antivertigo Used to treat dizziness
Antiviral Interferes with virus replication, weakening or abolishing its action
Anxiolytic Reduces anxiety
Astringent Causes contradiction locally after topical application
Barbiturate Type of sedative
Benzodiaepine CNS depressing agents with potential for abuse and/or dependence
Beta Blocker Blocks response to beta stimulation, resulting in decrease in heart rate, myocardial contractility, blood pressure and myocardial oxygen demand
Bronchodilator Acts to relieve bronchospasms, used in the treatment of asthma
Calcium Channel Blockers Blocker prevents the movement of calcium ions through blocker slow channels. Causes a relaxing of the coronary arty smooth muscle and are used to control fat ventricula rated in patients with arterial flutter and atrial fibrillation.
Cardiac Glycoside Used to treat mild to moderate heart failure
Cephalosporin Inhibits cell wall formation in bacteria
Corticosteroid A hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that regulates the bodys ability to handle stress, resist infections, relieve infammation and manages autoimmune disorders
Decongestant Used to cause mucous membrane vasoconstriction, reduction of nasal passages drainage, and relief of stuffiness
Diuretic Increases urine production. Decreases blood pressure by decreasing blood volume by increasing the elimination of salts and water through urination
Muscle Relaxant Causes skeletal muscle relaxation, used to reduce muscle spasms and inhibits muscle contraction
Narcotic Often addictive, relieves pain and induces sleep, includes opium and its derivatives
Narcotic Analgesic Highly abuse potential; used to relieve severe pain
Nasal Decongestant Constricts vessels in nasal passages
Nonsteriodal Anti-Inflammatory (NSAID) Mild to moderate pain, both analgesic and anit-inflammatory action
Oplate Narcotic derived or related to opium
Parasiticide Destroys parasites in the skin
Pendiculicide kills lice
Penicillin Derives from the mold Penicillium Chrysogenum and kills bacteria by preventing them from forming a rigid wall needed for survival
Radiopharmaceutical Contains radioactive isotopes, for diagnosis or therapy
Scabicide Destroys skin mites and their eggs
Sedative Depresses the CNS, causing relaxation
Tetracycline Broad spectrum bacteristatic antibiotic that inhibit protein synthesis in bacteria by binding to ribosomes
Tranquilizer Reduces anxiety or disturbance
Vaccine Introduces an antigen into the body to stimulate the production of antibodies for protection against a disease-casing microorganism
Vasoconstrictor Narrows vessels and increases blood pressure
Vasodialtor Expands vessels and lowers blood pressure
Created by: emily.leung432



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