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World Politics

Frieden/Lake/Schultz World Politics Ch. 2

Interests What actors wish to achieve through political action, and their preferences over the outcomes that may result from their political choices.
Actors Basic unit for analysis of international relations. Can be individuals/groups of people with common interests.
State A central authority that can make/enforce laws, rules, and decisions within a specified territory.
Sovereignty The expectation that states have legal and political supremacy/ultimate authority within their territorial boundaries. Independence.
Anarchy Absence of a central authority which makes and enforces laws that bind all actors.
National interests What the state wants. Usually power and security.
Interactions The ways in which the choices of two or more actors combine to produce political outcomes.
Cooperation An interaction in which two or more actors adopt policies that leave at least one actor better off than before (relative to the status quo) and nobody worse off than before. In other words, someone gains, but nobody loses.
Bargaining Interaction when actors must choose outcomes that make one better off at the expense of another. A fixed sum is distributed among actors.
Coordination Cooperative interaction when actors benefit from all making the same choices and have no incentives to comply.
Collaboration A cooperative interaction in which actors gain from working together but also have incentive no to comply with the agreement.
Public goods Individually/socially desirable goods that are nonexcludable and nonrival in consumption. Ex: national defense.
Collective action problems Barriers to cooperation that occur when actors have incentive to cooperate but each acts in anticipation that others will pay the costs of cooperation.
Free ride Failing to contribute to a public good, but still benefiting from it due to the contributions of others.
Iteration Repeated interactions with the same partners.
Linkage Linking of cooperation on one issue to interactions on a second issue.
Power The ability of Actor A to get Actor B to do something which Actor B wouldn't normally do. The ability to get the other side to make concessions without making concessions oneself.
Coercion Threat/impositions of costs on other actors in order to change their behavior. Include military force and economic sanctions.
Outside options Alternatives to bargaining with a specific actor.
Agenda-setting power "First mover" advantage that helps an actor to secure a more favorable bargain.
Institutions Sets of rules known and shared by the community that structure political interactions in specific ways.
Created by: colbyc22