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A & P I: Male Repro

Mrs. Scarle's MBC A&P I

Bulbourethral Glands Pair of exocrine glands near the male urethra. They secrete fluid into the urethra. Also known as Cowper Glands
Ejaculation Ejection of sperm and fluid from the male urethra
Ejaculatory Duct Tube through which semen enters the male urethra
Epididymis One of a pair of long, tiny coiled tubes each testis. It stores and carries sperm from the seminiferous tubules to the vas deferens
Erectile Dysfunction Inability of an adult male to achieve an erection; impotence
Flagellum Hair-like projection on a sperm cell that makes it motile (able to move)
Fraternal Twins Two infants resulting from fertilization of two separate ova by two separate sperm cells
Glans Penis Sensitive tip of the penis; comparable to the clitoris in the female
Identical twins Two infants resulting from division of one fertilized egg into two distinct embryos.
Conjoined Twins Incompletely separated identical twins
Interstitial cells of the testes Specialized cells that lie adjacent to the seminiferous tubules in the testes. These cells produce testosterone and are also called Leydig cells
Parenchymal tissue Essential distinctive cells of an organ. In the testis, the seminiferous tubules that produce sperm are parenchymal
Penis Male external organ for reproduction
Perineum External region between the anus and the scrotum in the male
Prepuce Foreskin; fold of skin covering the tip of the penis
Prostate gland Exocrine gland at the base of the male urinary bladder. The prostate secretes one of fluid parts of semen into the urethra during ejaculation
Scrotum External sac that contains the testes
Semen Spermatozoa (sperm cells) and seminal fluid (prostatic and seminal vesicle secretions) discharged from the urethra during ejaculation
Seminal Vesicles Paired sac-like exocrine glands that secrete fluid (a major component of semen) into the vas deferens
Seminiferous tubules Narrow, coiled tubules that produce sperm in the testes
Spermatozoon Sperm cell
Sterilization Procedure that removes a person's ability to produce or release reproductive cells; removal of testicles, vasectomy, and oophorectomy are sterilization procedures
Stromal Tissue Supportive, connective tissue of an organ, as distinguished from it's parenchyma. Also called Stroma
Testis Male Gonad- Testicle that produces sperm and the hormone testosterone. Remember! Testis is on testicle, Testes are two testicles
Testosterone Hormone secreted by interstitial tissue of the testes. Responsible for male sex characteristics
Vas Deferens Narrow tube (one on each side) carrying sperm from the epididymis toward the urethra. Also called the ductus deferens
andr/o male
balan/o Glans penis
cry/o cold
crypt/o hidden
epididym/o epididymis
gon/o seed
hydr/o water, fluid
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o testis, testicle
pen/o penis
prostat/o prostate gland
semin/i semen, seed
sperm/o, spermat/o spermatozoa, semen
terat/o monster
test/o testis, testicle
varic/o varicose veins
vas/o vessel, duct, vas deferens
zo/o animal life
-genesis formation
-one hormone
-pexy fixation, put into place
-stomy new opening
BPH Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy
DRE Digital Rectal Exam
ED Erectile dysfunction
GU Genitourinary
HPV Human Papillomavirus
HSV Herpes Simplex Virus
NSU Non-specific urethritis (not due to gonorrhea or chlamydial infection)
PID Pelvic inflammatory disease
PIN Prostatic Intraepithelial neoplasia; a precursor of prostate cancer
PSA Prostate-specific antigen
PVP Photoselective vaporization of the prostate; GreenLight PVP
RPR Rapid Plasma Reagin (test); a test for syphilis
STD Sexually transmitted disease
STI Sexually transmitted infection
TRUS Transrectal ultrasound exam; to assess the prostate and guide precise placement of the biopsy needle
TUIP Transurethral incision of the prostate; successful in less enlarged prostates and less invasive than TURP
TUMT Transurethral microwave thermotherapy
TUNA Transurethral needle ablation; radiofrequency energy destroys prostate tissue
TURP Transurethral resection of the prostate
Created by: cmscarle