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First Nursing Exam

Stereotypes of older adults Ill, disabled, physically unattractive, forgetful, confused, ridged, bored, unfriendly, unable to learn new information, worthless, lacing work ethic, & their knowledge is too outdated to be considered useful.
Stochastic Theory -Biological Theory -Views aging as a result of random cellular damage that occurs over time, leads to physical changes that are recognized as characteristics of that of the aging process.
Non-Stochastic Theory -Biological Theory -Views aging as a result of genetically programed physiological mechanisms within the body that control the process of aging.
Continuity/Developmental Theories -Psychosocial Theory -Suggests that personality remains the stable and behavior becomes more predictable with age. -The personality & behavior patterns developed during lifetime determine the degree of engagement and activity in older adulthood.
Activity Theory -The continuation of activities performed during middle age as necessary for successful aging.
Gerotranscendence -Proposes that older adults experience a shift in perspective with age. -Moves from a materialistic and national view of the world to a more cosmic and transcendent one. Causing an increase in overall satisfaction.
Developmental tasks for older adults -Adjusting to, decreasing health & physical strength, retirement & reduced fixed income, death of siblings, children, friends, spouse.
Dementia Generalized impairment of intellectual functioning that interfere with social + occupational functioning. -Gradual progressive, irreversible cerebral dysfunction. -Cognitive deterioration leads to decline in ones ability to perform ADLS & ISDLS.
Delirium -Acute confusional state that is potentially reversible cognitive impairment that is often a physiological cause. -Can be caused by environmental factors and physiological factors. -Usually a medical emergency.
Depression -1/3 of adults have symptoms. -Most common, undetected, untreated, Impairment of older adults. -Clinical depression's treatment includes Medication, Psychotherapy, or a combination of both.
Psychosocial Changes of aging -Include loss, transitions to retirement and the associated financial changes, Changes and roles & relationships, alterations in health & functional ability, Changes in ones social network and relations.
Health concerns of older adults Heart Disease, Cancer, Stroke, Smoke related illnesses, Alcohol abuse, Nutrition, Dental problems, Exercise, Falls, Sensory impairment, Pain, Medication use.
Polypharmacy The concurrent use of many medications increase risk for adverse drug affects.
Therapeutic Communication -Allows you to perceive & respect older adults uniqueness and healthcare expectations. -Caring nurse shows kindness & understanding.
Reality Orientation -Communication technique that makes older adults more aware of time. -Restores sense of reality & level of awareness.
Validation Therapy -An alternate approach to communication with confused older adult
Reminicence -Recalling information from the past to bring meaning and understanding to the present and resolve certain conflicts
Body-image interventions -influence older adult to keep his/her appearance appropriate with grooming. -Such as brushing hair, teeth, change clothes, clean dentures.
Activity Theory Considers the continuation of activities performed during middle age as necessary for successful aging.
Ageism Discrimination against people because of increasing age.
Gerontological nursing Nursing/caring for older adults that requires creative approaches for maximizing the potential of older adults.
Gerontology Study of all aspects of the aging process and its components
Characteristics of critical thinker -considers what is important in each clinical situation. imagines and explores alternatives, considers ethic principles, and make informed decisions about the care of the patient. -Cognitive skills, habit of asking questions, staying well informed etc.
Skills associated with critical thinker interpretation, analysis, inference, evaluation, explanation, self-regulation.
Created by: 100003515213803