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Drug Classifications

QuestionAnswer
ACE Inhibitor Inhibits conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II, a potent vasoconstrictor, i.e. relaxation of blood vessels occur
Aminogycoside Used to treat serious infections by inhibiting bacterial protein synthesis by binding to ribosomal subunits. Dose to be adjusted according to plasma concentrations in the blood.
Analgesic Used to relieve pain. Suppresses pain without rendering the patient unconscious.
Anesthetic Reduces or eliminate pain, general, local or topical.
Anorexiant Used to decrease appetite.
Antacid Neutralizes excess gastric acid.
Anthelmintic Eradicates intestinal worms.
Anti-acne Controls acne vulgaris.
Antianginal Dilates blood vessels; used to treat angina pectoris, pain in the chest.
Antianxiety Used in the treatment of anxiety disorders that do not require excessive sedation.
Antiarrhythmic Drugs used to treat irregular heart rhythms. Depresses the action of the heart to combat irregularities in its rhythm.
Antiarthritic Reduces inflammation of joints.
Anibacterial Destructive or preventing bacterial growth. Kills bacterial
Antibiotic Drugs used to destroy microorganisms. Kills bacteria and prevents infection.
Anticholesterol Lowers cholesterol
Anticholinergic Drugs that are antagonistic to the action of parasympathetic or other cholinergic nerve fibers.
Anticoagulant Slows clotting of blood to prevent blood clot formation in the treatment of thrombosis and embolism.
Anticovulsant Prevents or arrests seizures.
Antidepressant Agent in treating depression. Classified as SSRIs, TCAs, MAOIs.
Antidiabetic Used to treat diabetes.
Antidiarrhal Used to treat diarrhea
Antidiuretic Reduces volume of urine production
Antidote Neutralizes a poison or counteracts its effects
Antiemetic Drugs that treat the urge to vomit
Antiepileptic Prevents epileptic seizures
Antiflatulent Reduces gastrointestinal gas
Antifungal Destroys fungi or inhibits its growth. Eradicates or suppresses fungi
Antigout Drugs used in the treatment of the inflammatory joint condition, Gout
Antihemophilic Allows blood to clot for the treatment of a clotting disorder.
Antihistmine For treatment of allergies. Drugs that act to respond to the release of histamine that occurs with an implicated anaphylactic reaction.
Antihyperlipidemic Drugs used to lower high levels of cholesterol
Antihypertensive Used to reduce a sustained elevation in blood pressure
Anti-infective Used to treat disease produced by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, protozoa, and parasites. Kills microorganisms and sterilizes wounds.
Anti-inflammatory Reduces inflammation
Antimigraine Used to treat migraine headaches
Antineoplastic Attacks and destroys malignant cells
Anti-Parkinson's Used to treat Parkinson's disease
Antiplatelet Prevents clotting
Antiprotozoal Destroys protozoa
Antipruritic Suppresses itching
Antipsychotic Reduces symptoms of hallucinations, delusions, and thought disorders. Mostly used for schizophrenia.
Antipyretic Reduces fever
Antiretroviral Attacks any virus or the family Retroviridae
Antispasmodic Prevents or alleviates muscles cramps
Antitubercular Used to fight and treat TB
Antitussive Suppresses coughing
Antivertigo Used to treat dizziness
Antiviral Interferes with virus replication, weakening or abolishing its action
Anxiolytic Reduces anxiety
Astringent Causes contraction locally after topical application.
Barbiturate Type of sedative
Benzodiazepine CNS depressing agents with potential for abuse and/or dependence
Beta Blocker Blocks response to beta stimulation, resulting in decrease in heart rate, myocardial contractility, blood pressure and myocardial oxygen demand.
Bronchodilator Acts to relive bronchospasms, used in the treatment of asthma
Calcium Channel Blockers Blocker prevents the movement of calcium ions through blocker slow channels
Cardiac Glycoside Used to treat mild to moderate heart failure
Cephalosporin Inhibits cell wall formation in bacteria
Corticosteroid A hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that regulates the body's ability to hand stress and resist infection
Decongestant Used to cause mucous membrane vasoconstriction, reduction of nasal passages drainage, and relief of stuffiness.
Diuretic Increases urine production. Decreases blood pressure by decreasing blood volume by increasing the elimination of salts and water through urination.
Emetic Causing vomiting
Expectorant Increases the production of respiratory secretions and decreases irritation caused by dryness in the airways.
Fluoroquinolone Inhibits DNA coiling & replication in bacteria causing DNA breakage and cell death.
Gastrointestinal Agents Used to treat disorders of the stomach and/or intestines
GI stimulant Used to increase the speed of gastric emptying and reduce esophageal sphincter pressure.
H2 Antihistamine Affects the cells of the gastrointestinal tract.
Histamine Evokes symptoms associated with an allergic reaction, red watery eyes, sneezing, ect.
Hormone Chemical substance, formed in a tissue or organ and carried in the blood.
Hypnotic Causes sleep
Macrolide Bacteriostatic agents used primarily to treat pulmonary infections caused by Legionella and gram-positive organisms.
Muscle Relaxant Causes skeletal muscle relaxation
Narcotic Often addictive, relieves pain and induces sleep
Narcotic Analgesic High abuse potential
Nasal Decongestant Constricts vessels in nasal passages
Nonseriodal Anti-inflammatory Mild to moderate pain
Opiate Narcotic derived or related to opium
Parasiticide Destroys parasites in the skin
Pendiculicide Kills lice
Pinicillin Derives from the mold Penicillium Chrysogenum and kills bacteria
radiopharmaceutical Contains radioactive isotopes.
Scabicide Destroys skin mites and their eggs
Sedative Depresses the CNS, causing relaxation
Tetracycline Bacteriostatic antibiotics that inhibit protein synthesis in bacteria by binding to ribiosomes
Tranquilizer Reduces anxiety or disturbance
Vaccine Introduces an antigen into the body to stimulate the production of antibodies.
Vasoconstrictor Narrows vessels and increases blood pressure
Vasodilator Expands vessels and lowers blood pressure.
Created by: Stanley99
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