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Quiz 1 MUSI 1306

Flash Cards for MUSI 1306- Quiz #1

What are the three main elements of music? Melody, Rhythm, & Harmony
What is Melody? An organized musical line
What is Rhythm? The organization of stressed beats
What is Harmony? Notes sounding together
What are intervals? The distance between any two pitches. Harsh sounding intervals (2nd and 7th) are called dissonant intervals. Pleasant sounding intervals (3rd, 4th, 5th, and 6th) are called consonant intervals
What are the three types of intervals? Unison-(the same pitch sounded 2X; either together or in succession) Half step- distance between a white note on the piano and the black note next to it Whole step- distance between 2 white notes on the piano when there is a black note between them
What is pitch? the exact highness or lowness of a musical note. It is determined by how fast the musical object vibrates- called frequency. Faster frequency = higher pitch Slower frequency = lower pitch
Major Scales Major Scale: whole, whole, half, whole, whole, whole, whole, half
Minor Scales Minor Scale: whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole
What is Meter? Patterns of strong and weak beats in a measure.
What is Duple meter? A number of beats in a measure that is divisible by 2.
What is Triple meter? A number of beats in a measure that is divisible by 3.
What is Compound meter? Groupings of notes get the beat (ex. 6/8 = 2 groups of 3 notes)
What does the Time Signature do? It tells how many beats are in a measure and what type of rhythmic note gets one beat. EX 1: 2/4 time = 2 beats with the quarter note getting one beat. EX 2: 3/8 time = 3 beats with the eighth note getting one beat
Key Note If a melody is dominated by one particular note. For example, if Keynote is C then (1) the melody usually ends on this note (2) it gives a sense that the melody is completed and (3) the keynote is also called the tonic.
Dynamics piano (p), meaning "soft" forte (f), meaning "loud" mezzo-piano (mp), meaning "moderately soft". mezzo-forte (mf), meaning "moderately loud". pianissimo (pp), meaning "very soft". fortissimo (ff), meaning "very loud"
Voice Range Soprano (women) Tenor (men) Mezzo-soprano (women) Baritone (men) Alto (women) Bass (men)
Musical Texture Monophony: melody with no accompaniment Homophony: melody with accompaniment; melody predominates. Polyphony: two or more distinct musical lines played at once
What is Musical Form? The structural organization of a piece of music.
What are the types of musical forms? Ternanry Form: A B A Binary Form: A B or AABB Sonata Form: A B(in new key) (both repeated) ~Development~ A B (both in original key) Theme and Variations form: Theme is presented and played again with some sort of variation in key, melody,etc.
What are the parts of a musical performance? Rehearsal: practice times in which all the details of the music are worked out. It is lead by the conductor. Improvisation: Making the music up as the musician goes along (used in jazz music, not classical music)
Musical Style Term used to describe the way in which the elements of music are used to create music. It describes characteristics that set apart the music of one historical period from another.
What was the time frame for the Middle Ages musical era? 400 - 1400 A.D.
What was the time frame for the Renaissance musical era? 1400 - 1600 A.D.
What was the time frame for the Baroque musical era? 1600 - 1750 A.D.
What was the time frame for the Classical musical era? 1750 - 1800 A.D.
What was the time frame for the Romantic musical era? 1800 - 1900 A.D.
What was the time frame for the Modern musical era? 1900 - 2000 A.D.
Created by: Desy91